This work is funded by the public via direct donations. There are now four usual methods of donation depending on the needs of the donor: Patreon, Bank Transfer, Stripe & PayPal. The email to use for PayPal is rosie@ausgov.info

Bank: St George
Account Name:'Rose Williams'
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Account Number: 485 746 256

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Privacy and your donation

Whether a donor is an individual or an organisation, I take privacy issues seriously. In order to avoid breaching people's sense of privacy, unless I am directly contacted about a donation by the donor, I do not thank them unless having a direct conversation about a donation.

Having said this, most people become donors when they read that someone they respect suggests they do. Please take a moment every now and then and, if you are happy to be seen publicly supporting my work, share my work with your networks. While I am yet to receive a minimum wage for what I do I want people to know that I am grateful for both the financial and moral support I receive.

Grants, Ministers and Portfolios in this data relate to the period prior to the 30 March resuffle. If my work receives adequate funding, grants awarded after that period will be added after those decisions are made & as time permits. Ministry & Portfolio names will be updated at that time.



Agency Since Jan 2018 Grants
1 Education and Training $190,351,012 307
2 Agriculture and Water Resources $5,930,000 2
3 Foreign Affairs and Trade $229,870 4
4 Treasury $100,000 1
5 Health $73,799 1
6 Prime Minister and Cabinet $25,000 1


Agency Since Jan 2018 Grants
1 Australian Research Council $190,326,012 306
2 Department of Agriculture $5,930,000 2
3 Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade $229,870 4
4 Australian Taxation Office $100,000 1
5 National Blood Authority $73,799 1
6 Department of Education and Training $25,000 1
7 Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet $25,000 1


Program Since Jan 2018 Grants
1 ARC DISCOVERY $124,827,025 267
2 ARC LINKAGE PROJECT $65,498,987 39
3 SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES $5,930,000 2
4 PUBLIC DIPLOMACY $229,870 4
5 NATIONAL TAX CLINIC $100,000 1
6 NATIONAL BLOOD AGREEMENT MANAGEMENT $73,799 1
7 HIGHER EDUCATION SUPPORT $25,000 1
8 PRIME MINISTER AND CABINET $25,000 1



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose In 2015, State Library Victoria (SLV) received the bequest of the Emmerson Collection: a national treasure of over 5000 early modern rare books and manuscripts, the first and only early modern archive of scale to be held by an Australian institution. Bringing together experts in early modern studies and the digital humanities with specialist library staff, this project will uncover the contents and scope of the collection and promote its international scholarly significance to the wider world. In doing so, it will develop new digital tools designed to unlock the value of this unique public resource for a wide range of end-users.
Approved 11 Apr 2019
Published 30 Apr 2019 $247,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to develop innovative laser cleaning processes to conserve the structural integrity and iconic status of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. New laser technologies offer the opportunity to remove lead-based paint and clean the bridges metal structures and granite pylons offering advantages unavailable with current techniques. The expected outcomes will be new best-practice laser conservation techniques usable for both hand-held and automated systems to preserve one of the most iconic bridges in the world. This will reduce maintenance frequency and cost, restore the beauty of the bridge, retain its engineering significance and provide a baseline process for cleaning of other historical large scale metal and stone heritage objects.
Approved 19 Mar 2019
Published 30 Apr 2019 $858,997
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to improve the management of endangered mammals by combining data on genomic and morphological variation with results from conservation translocations. Using new genomics methods, the project will measure the effects of small population size on genetic diversity and mutation load, in extinct as well as remnant and translocated populations. The project will monitor seven intensively managed marsupial species to better understand how to mix populations for fauna restoration projects. This project should improve methods to promote species recovery in Australia and globally.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 30 Apr 2019 $460,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The project aims to develop novel miniaturised optical systems for driver fatigue monitoring, which provide increased sensitivity, eliminate reflections from eyeglasses and enable accurate depth measurements of facial features. The unique performance of our optical systems is derived from the concept of optical nanostructured surfaces to allow for efficient control of light wavefront and polarisation. The project aims to apply this concept to develop six different optical elements with new functionalities and performance well beyond what is possible with conventional components. This development will enable the construction of high-performance driver monitoring systems, thus facilitating a safer driving experience for all.
Approved 11 Apr 2019
Published 30 Apr 2019 $400,957
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose Detecting the illicit use of natural steroids like testosterone, or compounds that modulate natural steroid levels, remains the greatest challenge for drug testing in all forms of sport. This project aims to develop new metabolomic methods based on liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry to detect the changes occurring in the conjugated steroid profile following the administration of steroids or steroid modulators. The intended outcome will be a set of sensitive and analytical methods using a range of newly identified conjugated steroid markers and associated reference materials, which promises to enhance integrity and animal welfare in the thoroughbred racing industry.
Approved 17 Feb 2019
Published 30 Apr 2019 $313,659
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose Funding is requested to establish a world-leading fabrication facility for nanostructured materials via flame synthesis. This is a scalable fabrication route used for industrial production of most nanoparticle commodities. The aim is to advance current capabilities by providing control over the reaction environment and flame reaction sources. This will extend the range of feasible materials from the current metal oxides to a broad family of nitrides, sulphides, and metal-organic frameworks, enabling the engineering of electrocatalysts, optoelectronic- and bio-materials. Benefits are expected in terms of fundamental and applied knowledge generation, with impact to the Australian industry sectors of Advanced Manufacturing, Energy and Health.
Approved 20 Jan 2021
Published 27 Jan 2021 $269,020
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This proposal is for an 18-month membership of the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP), the world’s largest collaborative research program in Earth and Ocean sciences. The Program studies the history and current activity of the Earth by conducting seagoing coring expeditions and monitoring of instrumented boreholes, using globally unique infrastructure that Australians would otherwise have no access to. Program outcomes include understanding past global environmental change on multiple time scales, the deep biosphere, plate tectonics, formation and distribution of resources, and generation of hazards. These outcomes are paramount to Australia’s national science and research priorities, and societal and economic prosperity.
Approved 20 Jan 2021
Published 27 Jan 2021 $3,000,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The aim of this project is, in collaboration with the USA and UK, to complete the installation and commissioning of the Advanced LIGO+ facilities in the USA in order to bring them to design sensitivity. These facilities expect to increase the event rate of gravitational wave signals by a factor of 125. This should lead to daily detections and the observation of new sources of gravitational waves. Given that only 5% of the universe is detectable by telescopes, the impact of gravitational wave detections on our understanding of the universe is inestimable. Australian partnership intends to enable our physicists and astronomers to be at the vanguard of this brand new field and inspire a new generation to study the physical sciences.
Approved 20 Jan 2021
Published 27 Jan 2021 $3,000,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program HIGHER EDUCATION SUPPORT
Purpose This grant is to assist universities with the cost of systems changes associated with implementing the Government's tranparency in higher education expenditure data collection
Approved 12 Feb 2018
Published 25 Jun 2018 $25,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose DREAMS is a revolutionary wide-field infrared surveyor designed to allow astronomers to unlock new science and foster international collaborations focused on important but elusive, infrared transient cosmic phenomena. Continually scanning the southern sky, DREAMS will provide “real time” data that will transform the depth and quality of astronomical observation. Combining off-the-shelf parts with scientific expertise from around the world, this telescope will help answer questions that are both practical and profound. DREAMS is an important component of a longer-term international strategy that will reinforce Australia’s global leadership in the realm of Infrared Transient Astronomy.
Approved 19 Feb 2020
Published 25 Feb 2020 $632,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to build an advanced multi-functional Electro-Opto-Magneto-Mechanical analysis platform for characterizing nanomaterials and micro-/nano-scale devices. This platform expects to provide rich and unique characterization capabilities (electrical, optical, magnetic and mechanical) for hybrid devices with low temperature and high vacuum environment. The expected outcomes include multidisciplinary research collaborations and a wide range of next-generation technologies including non-invasive medical instruments, wearable devices, communication, quantum information systems and energy storage solutions. This should enable local design and construction of hybrid devices and advance the growth of local high-technology industries.
Approved 19 Feb 2020
Published 25 Feb 2020 $600,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program PUBLIC DIPLOMACY
Purpose Building on the successful Young Persons' Plan for the Planet Program developed in Australia, the Young Indians' Plan for the Planet will educate, connect and empower Indian school students to collaborate internationally to deliver the UN Sustainable Development Goals regionally and globally.
Approved 09 Aug 2019
Published 24 Sep 2020 $128,370
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program PUBLIC DIPLOMACY
Purpose Japan has been the anchor of Australia's relationships in Asia, built on the strategic decisions both countries took in the past 70 years. The large bilateral relationship sees Australia supply over half of Japan's key industrial materials and over a quarter of its entire energy needs but it also an economic and political partnership that frames both countries' interests in the open regional and global multilateral order. Building up to a longer term joint study with Japan, this project proposes an Australian-based report that will review Australia's engagement with Japan, and benchmark it against Australia's other important relationships. Institutional innovations and investments that have improved other key relationships will be identified for potential adoption in the Australia-Japan relationship. Wide stakeholder and community consultations will help identify gaps that Australia can fill in its Japan-literacy and engagement with Japan.
Approved 10 Feb 2021
Published 24 Feb 2021 $70,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to improve farm resilience, farm management, and economic decision-making in Australia and internationally. It expects to generate new interdisciplinary knowledge to integrate our understanding of agro-ecosystems and innovative tools to assess their status and manage their operations more effectively. Expected outcomes include the ability to inform farmers, bankers, and land managers about the trade-offs between resilience and efficiency on farms. This should provide significant benefits, including the ability to minimize financial risks to farmers and banks, allow better investment decisions, and achieve sustainable long-term outcomes for both private and public well-being.
Approved 19 Jun 2020
Published 23 Jun 2020 $323,091
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to investigate the basic science underpinning a new rotation sensing technology based on matterwave vortices. Current gyroscopes are susceptible to long-term calibration drifts, which limit their applicability on long timescales where re-calibration is not practical or possible. This project expects to build a matterwave vortex gyroscope and demonstrate that it offers unparalleled long-term stability over `classical gyroscopes based on mechanical and/or optical technology. This could deliver new navigation capabilities, benefitting Australias defence forces and nascent space technology industry, as well as enabling slow timescale precision gravimetry for mineral exploration, hydrology, and geology.
Approved 19 Jun 2020
Published 23 Jun 2020 $558,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to identify language development paths of Indigenous children in Central Australia by examining the spoken language, gesture and sign of childrens early interactions. It expects to generate new knowledge for the health and education sector, and Indigenous families, about childrens language development, enabling reliable identification of typical development. Expected outcomes include theoretical contributions to language and cognition internationally and uptake of the findings by Australian health and education sector staff and Indigenous communities. This should provide significant benefits to Indigenous families through increased capacity of families and professionals to identify service needs in language development.
Approved 17 Oct 2019
Published 22 Oct 2019 $773,900
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance understandings of Asia's two largest democracies through an examination of the pathways and dead-ends to political power for women in India and Indonesia. Research of women's everyday political labour will examine their contributions to generating different forms of power, and their adverse incorporation into political structures. The comparative ethnographic approach will lead to the development of analytical and conceptual tools to understand democracy across different socio-historical contexts. The project aims to produce policy and practice relevant knowledge to increase the meaningful participation of women in politics in India and Indonesia, with comparative lessons for other countries
Approved 17 Oct 2019
Published 22 Oct 2019 $857,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Poorly controlled interactions between plasmas and surfaces often mean loss of process efficiency and surface degradation over time. For Hall thrusters, a type of engine used to move satellites in space, this means increased fuel consumption and shorter useful life. Through modelling and experiment, this project will show how intelligent selection of advanced materials and plasma parameters can minimise surface wear, enable in situ material repair to extend device lifetime, and modulate plasma properties to increase thruster efficiency for a given task. These benefits enable reliable propulsion platforms for massive communication and observation satellite networks and deep space exploration.
Approved 17 Oct 2019
Published 22 Oct 2019 $907,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to develop a knowledge base on how Restorative Justice (RJ) principles and practices can prevent and address environmental harm. Research has demonstrated that RJ is a powerful response to a wide variety of governance challenges and could provide a useful alternative paradigm for environmental regulation. This project aims to apply the processes and values of RJ to environmental regulation with a focus on harm prevention, advancing theory into a new domain of application. This should lead to immediate and long-term benefits, including better prevention of environmental harm, better relationships with communities, and stronger commitments by those who have caused harm to rehabilitate, repair and reform.
Approved 17 May 2018
Published 22 May 2018 $346,297
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program NATIONAL BLOOD AGREEMENT MANAGEMENT
Purpose This study aims to generate data in support of further clinical trials into the effect of readily available frozen or lyophilised blood components to improve haemostasis in severely thrombocytopenic patients.
Approved 26 Oct 2018
Published 20 Feb 2019 $73,799
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to improve our understanding of global energy governance and the role played by informal international organisations such as the G20 and G8. It will produce new data and analytical tools for policymakers seeking to govern energy at the global level in the face of mounting challenges, including energy-related emissions. In a rapidly changing international energy system, it will also enhance Australian policymakers capacity to strengthen the national energy sector, which by the end of the decade is expected to have yearly export earnings of $114 billion.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $379,933
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how natural levels of mercury have changed over time and how human activities have affected mercury atmospheric fluxes and deposition. Using state-of-the-art experimental approaches combining palaeontology and chemistry, the project seeks to build comprehensive knowledge about the flux and sources of mercury in the Southern Hemisphere, to address significant geospatial and temporal gaps in understanding mercurys environmental impact. Expected outcomes are a more refined understanding of the global biochemical cycle of mercury and its exposure effects on human and wildlife populations. Potential benefits are better-informed international actions designed to reduce environmental and health risks from mercury pollution.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $369,075
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to analyse the rhetoric of balanced budgets by examining its intellectual and political history and revisiting counterarguments. Expected outcomes from the project will include insights into the development of rhetoric based on analysis of archival, textual and interview-based data . Findings from the project will be published in online fora with wide readership in national and international policy circles. The project has the capacity to provide insights into and benefits for policy discourse on government deficit-spending and public debt.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $159,500
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how lactation and breastmilk donation after infant death may modulate bereaved mothers' grief experiences. It will draw upon bereaved mothers' experiences, the practices of lactation and bereavement specialists, and online content of select contemporary healthcare services. Expected outcomes include the development of guidelines and recommendations for lactation and bereavement healthcare services, providing benefits for bereaved mothers and their carers.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $371,815
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to determine the extent that animals influence fire regimes through effects on fuel load and characteristics. Minimising the risk of large, severe bushfires, while conserving native species is one of the greatest challenges facing managers of fire-prone ecosystems globally. Using a powerful combination of landscape-scale field observations, experimental manipulations of animal densities, and modelling, the project expects to quantify interactions between animals, bushfire fuel and fire regimes in south eastern Australian forests, woodlands and scrublands. This evidence should benefit the design of integrated, efficient, and complementary strategies for fire and fauna management in Australias extensive fire-prone ecosystems.
Approved 03 Oct 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $645,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to create an advanced manufacturing facility for carbon-composites research by integrating laser-based processing and robotic automation. It will enable fundamental research on rapid processing of high-performance thermoplastics and metal-composite hybrids, including functionalisation of the composite through nano-material coating technology, and new instrumentation for structural health monitoring. The facility will significantly enhance the research capability in the newly established ARC Training Centre for Automated Manufacture of Advanced Composites, which will engage with Australian industry to improve productivity and material performance for industry sectors such as aerospace, automotive, marine, and sport.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $808,191
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to extend an existing nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer for structural investigations of proteins in the solid state. Many proteins, such as amyloids and flexible proteins, cannot be studied by X-ray crystallography, solution NMR spectroscopy or cryoelectron microscopy, because they cannot be crystallised or are not sufficiently soluble, or are structurally too heterogeneous. This project will extend the capability of an existing 800 MHz NMR spectrometer to solid-state NMR. By offering ultrafast magic angle spinning speeds, the system aims to afford greatly enhanced sensitivity and multidimensional NMR spectra of protein systems not previously amenable to structural analysis by NMR spectroscopy or other techniques. This will have important applications in biotechnology and biomedicine.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $178,839
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a comprehensive psychological framework and effective measures for assessing attitudes to ambiguity. Using empirical work and quantitative modelling, it will address the multidimensional nature of ambiguity, and likely individual and cultural differences. Attitudes to ambiguity strongly influence people's judgments and the expected outcomes from this project will enhance theoretical understandings and measurement tools for psychological research in decision making. This project aims to provide significant benefits by developing novel strategies for improving decision making in contexts of ambiguity.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $400,996
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new insights on moduli spaces in algebraic geometry. Algebraic geometry is the field of mathematics that uses geometric methods to analyse algebraic equations, with wide applications ranging from cryptography to genetics. Moduli spaces in algebraic geometry provide powerful methods to geometrically analyse collections of related equations. Using innovative new techniques, the project aims to generate new knowledge about fundamental moduli spaces. Expected outcomes include the establishment of an active community of algebraic geometers in Australia. These outcomes should provide significant benefits to pure mathematics and related scientific fields.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $332,087
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to double the number of fibres in the spectrograph on the UK Schmidt Telescope and so double the number of stars and galaxies that it can observe simultaneously. This would allow rapid and timely completion of two major projects: the Taipan galaxy survey would be first to test a potential discrepancy in the expansion rate of the universe that may signal new physics, while the FunnelWeb stellar survey would (in tandem with two space missions) identify potential nearby exoplanets and trace the history of the Milky Way. The benefits include high scientific impact for the two surveys, international showcasing of the Australian Starbug technology, and a national astronomical survey facility for the next decade.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $340,160
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a new approach for earthquake and tsunami early warning, avoiding many of the limitations currently present in such systems. The project will combine machine learning and artificial intelligence with state-of-the-art geophysical modelling, allowing high-quality real-time prediction of seismic hazards with full uncertainty information. Highlighting opportunities at the interface between geoscience and data science, the project will stimulate novel approaches, and build Australian research capacity in this area. Expected benefits include improved techniques for geophysical imaging and real-time data analysis, in addition to enhanced capabilities for mitigating the costs associated with seismic activity.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $337,300
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the reactive behaviour of carbon dioxide in sandstone rocks to improve the safety of carbon sequestration operations. The project will develop new techniques to link fluid flow behaviour and geochemistry analysis, using high resolution 3D microscopy within geologic samples. The results will demonstrate the level of stability and security of carbon dioxide in underground sandstone rocks, and lead to safer design of sequestration operations.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $367,446
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to quantify turbulent mixing in the ocean using ultra-high-resolution numerical modelling. Turbulent mixing is caused by internal waves which transport energy from the ocean boundaries into the interior, where they drive mixing of cold, deep water with warmer water above. This mixing is crucial to the ocean circulation which controls the storage of heat and carbon in the ocean, but is inadequately represented in current climate models. The anticipated outcome of the project is an enhanced, global-ocean model incorporating an accurate description of turbulent mixing. This should provide significant benefits to the Australian community by improving the accuracy of future climate predictions.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $328,075
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a new synthetic approach to valuable amino acid derivatives and their rapid incorporation into peptide analogues, including promising new antibiotic candidates. This project expects to generate knowledge in the chemical and biological sciences and build scientific capacity to address the global rise of antimicrobial resistance. It is anticipated that this will provide direct health and economic benefits by establishing a powerful platform for peptide drug design.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $418,107
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to improve the efficiency of plasmonically enhanced hot-electron photodiodes for solar fuel generation and targeted photo-detection. This project is expected to make advances towards the development of effective devices which will directly impact a range of applications of local and global importance including alternative energy production, and the next generation of imaging and sensing technologies for the biomedical and health industries.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $344,446
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to examine how non-state welfare systems run by local private entrepreneurs affect power relationships in contemporary rural China. Combining humanistic and social science approaches, the project expects to generate new knowledge about how welfare policies and practices interact with or develop alongside institutions of social control. Expected research outcomes include new empirical data on informal political processes and institutional development in post-Socialist economies. This will enhance the basis for scholarly theory and provide commercial and governmental organisations with the information and conceptual tools to accurately assess the priorities of their Chinese partners, competitors, or counterparts.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $360,756
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance the research in short-term solar power forecasting and optimise the generation process using machine vision techniques. This project will use cameras to capture images of sky and mirror surfaces of heliostats. The scientific novelties are the exploration of geometry-aware feature representations for solar power prediction and building three-dimensional models of mirror surfaces of heliostats to optimise the solar power generation process. The outcome is a working prototype to boost the solar power forecasting accuracy and a three-dimensional reconstruction system to be helpful for the solar power generation. These outcomes will highly benefit the short-term solar power forecasting, generation and electricity grid management systems.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $368,446
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study nuclear reactions identified as highest priority by United States and European working groups. This project addresses a wide range of applications that are critical to society, the generation of energy (nuclear fusion, fission, advanced nuclear systems), medical applications, national security and environmental applications. It addresses the fundamental question of where all the elements originate and will benefit the general community with qualified research in nuclear technology, non-proliferation, nuclear safeguards and through accelerator-based research relevant, for example, for hadron therapy.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $407,719
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to measure the tune-out and magic wavelengths for the helium atom to challenge quantum electrodynamics. The project will use a technique to measure the potential confining ultracold atoms which, combined with high accuracy wavelength determination, will enable measurements of unprecedented precision. This project aims to advance fundamental understanding of atomic structure, and yield new insights with potential benefits including more accurate atomic clocks.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $282,340
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to connect micro-evolutionary processes with macro-evolutionary patterns to test the extent to which tightly coupled co-evolutionary interactions between species drive evolutionary diversification. The project will use techniques including the most recent phylogenetic modelling methods, field experiments and molecular genetics. Expected outcomes include advancing understanding of the mechanisms that generate biodiversity and developing new techniques for acquisition of DNA from museum specimens. The project is expected to provide significant benefits, such as insights into the processes that promote new species in nature.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $424,192
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop robust membranes with molecular size pores using atomically thin layers and silicon-based materials. Using state-of-the-art characterisation techniques and computer simulations it seeks to derive a fundamental understanding of the membrane formation processes and pore properties. Expected outcomes include industrially compatible fabrication processes that should enable rapid integration of the membranes into advanced device applications as well as enhancing national capabilities for materials characterisation. Significant benefits should result from novel applications of the technologies in the areas of medical- and bio-sensing, filtration, and lab-on-the-chip devices.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $463,387
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine the nature of the chemical and dynamical transformation of the Earths interior at the end of the first 25 per cent of its history. This will provide a new understanding of the related establishment of modern surface features such as extensive continents and an oxygenated atmosphere, as well as investigate causal relationships with west Australias mineral resources. The expected outcome will be a significant new understanding of the chemical and thermal history of our planet.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $333,357
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to model diseases that spread via a mixture of routes including food, water, the environment, and direct spread between individuals. Key diseases include: avian influenza, which causes massive disruption to the poultry industry; gastroenteritis, which costs Australia $1,250 million each year; and leptospirosis, which causes one million severe illnesses each year globally. This project will develop mathematical and statistical tools to better estimate risk, analyse outbreak data, and provide guidance for disease control. This research will improve policy and enhance our ability to respond to disease outbreaks.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $266,912
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study the past 10 million years for unique signatures trapped in Earths deep ocean archives. It will investigate how and where the heavy elements are made in nature, and if nearby supernovae impacted on Earth. The project will provide a detailed time history of close-by supernova events. The set of radionuclide data can also be utilised for Earths climate record. The training included will provide qualified researchers for many fields, such as nuclear technology, nonproliferation, medical physics and nuclear safeguards, important for national security, health and economy.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $520,865
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Many significant phenomena in the natural world are described by partial differential equations that involve evolution in time. This project aims to develop new mathematical methods, involving recently discovered global wavefront set analysis and Fredholm theory, to solve such equations. These methods aim to extend the range of equations that can be solved as well as yield more information about solutions, in particular, their long-time asymptotics.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $371,950
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a deep theoretical understanding of the relationship between various dimension reduction and model selection methods used in statistical model building, and then use this understanding to develop new, improved methods of model building for statistically challenging data. The research will impact on both the theory and practice of statistics, and on substantive fields which collect and analyse these kinds of data. This will provide a significant improvement in the statistical model building in areas such as epidemiology, chemical and ecological sciences. The project is timely because of the increasing collection of large-dimensional, complex, correlated data sets in these and many other fields.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $359,083
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how variations in local government across four Southeast Asian states affect the delivery of critical public goods such as infrastructure and healthcare to citizens. The project will compare governance regimes across 16 municipalities in Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia and Thailand. Expected outcomes include an improved understanding of how varying political dynamics can shape state-citizen interactions and access to services at a local level. The findings will enhance understanding of local politics, a topic of growing scholarly interest, and also benefit Australian and other policy makers seeking to enhance the design of development interventions.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $471,775
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address how climate affects avian behaviour and the consequences for survival and reproduction. The project will apply a suite of methods to explore fundamental questions within behavioural ecology that also have applied relevance. The data will be used for building individual-based models that predict population dynamics in response to climate change, and biophysical models that can provide insights into species sensitivities. The intended outcome is to improve understanding of the mechanistic links between climate and population processes.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $402,608
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand the nexus between intense, cumulative processes of socio-ecological change and emerging forms of social agency. Three case studies of Cambodian and Vietnamese dams, and a review of Thai-Lao cases, will reveal local and civil society responses to nature-society rupture and how these responses affect the region, inform advances in environmental change management, and be relevant to Australia's security policies.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $283,864
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a unified model of amino acid homeostasis in mammalian cells and apply it to brain cells. The model will be underpinned by a mathematical algorithm that allows predicting amino acid levels in the cytosol based on fundamental parameters such as transport and metabolism. This project should provide the significant benefit of enabling the prediction of essential functions such as cell growth and survival.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $429,397
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new methodologies for designing coherent controllers to facilitate optimal estimation in systems incorporating quantum sensors such as optomechanical and atom-interference sensors. New quantum sensors are being developed which have the potential to achieve sensitivities approaching fundamental physical limits. However to fully exploit these devices, this project will develop new control engineering and signal processing methods taking into account the fundamental properties of quantum systems and noise. This will enable quantum sensors to be applied to a wide range of applications including transport, medical imaging, civil engineering, and the detection of hazards.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $441,285
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to design mechanisms for fairness of attention to online digital items, by promoting diversity and reducing biases. Attention is one of the most valuable, yet scarce resources in the modern world. Biased attention fuels the propagation of fake information, hurts democratic debate in society and leads to public trust crisis of online media, which could result in unpleasant surprises in individual and group decisions. This project builds upon recent breakthroughs in social dynamics, and expects to design new methods for measuring the extent of (un)fairness and (mis)trust, validate novel intervention strategies in a series of online experiments promoting unbiased information consumption and fair decision-making.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $332,516
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to identify the role of pathogenicity-related-1 proteins in plants and characterise a new disease resistance pathway. By focusing on the interaction between key plant and pathogen proteins, this proposal seeks to advance the understanding of how the pathogen causes disease. The expected outcomes from these advances include the generation of new tools to manage plant diseases whilst building strong international collaborations. This project should provide significant benefits for generating new leads for plant disease management leading to enhanced food security.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $363,164
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to compare three transnational campaigns to increase access to drugs (patents and data protection), books (copyright) and seeds (plant variety protection and patents). It expects to generate new knowledge in intellectual property regulation and global governance through an interdisciplinary approach combining concepts from political science, law, and sociology. Expected outcomes include the identification of strategies and policies that assist with striking an equitable balance between intellectual property and rights of access, with potential benefits benefits for health, education and nutrition.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $140,568
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to examine whether Chinas recent increase in income inequality is associated with increased inequalities in other well-being related outcomes: health, education and wealth. It also aims to identify the factors associated with increases in inequalities. Significant increases in income and wealth inequality could have detrimental effects on economic and political stability. The expected outcomes from this project will help to identify policies useful in addressing inequalities and enhancing stability within Australia's important trading partner.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $408,916
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand the role of absorption and storage of atmospheric water (vapour, mist, rain, dew) by shoots in survival of mangroves where high soil salinity limits root water uptake, particularly during hot, dry conditions. This research will advance understanding of drought and salinity tolerance. The project outcomes will include identification of environmental conditions that limit drought survival and functional plant traits that enhance drought survival. These outcomes are fundamental to interpreting mechanisms underlying mangrove dieback under drought and will benefit the development of process-based models for better prediction of mangrove responses to climate change.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $368,400
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study the sexual development of apicomplexan parasites, which cause major diseases in humans, livestock and wildlife, including malaria. Only sexually differentiated cells can survive in the mosquito vector and hence this development is essential for the parasite's life-cycle. This project will employ a new approach that separates female from male parasites, thus enabling new information to be gleaned about the development of these parasites. The expected outcomes are an understanding of the mechanisms of sexual differentiation and a functional characterisation of novel sex-specific molecules. This will provide significant benefits, such as pivotal prerequisites for new approaches to parasite intervention.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $501,374
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop admissible heuristics for constrained stochastic planning problems and integrate them into state-of-the-art on-line algorithms. Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems, such as self-driving cars or energy management systems, make intelligent decisions to act near-optimally in uncertain environments, leading to savings, for example in energy use. But we also want assurances that AI systems will obey safety constraints. Solving constrained stochastic planning problems is key to building AI that is both robust and safe. This project will explore ways to account for uncertainty and constraints in heuristic estimation.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $352,616
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide a new framework for modelling agent heterogeneity and for evaluating the effects of monetary policy on aggregate welfare and wealth distribution over the business cycle. This project will focus on monetary policy, using new quantitative theories with new efficient computational methods, to understand and quantify links between monetary policy the dynamics of aggregate outcomes (such as inflation or employment), and the distribution of individual wealth (such as money, capital and housing).
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $194,442
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop enabling technologies for ultra-reliable and low-latency communications. While the evolution of wireless communication technologies to date has focused on data rate improvement, very little is known on how to achieve ultra-reliability and almost-zero latency which is urgently required for mission critical applications such as smart manufacturing and intelligent vehicles. The outcomes of the project will be new analytical tools and practical guidelines for designing trusted communication platforms to realise these applications, with benefits ranging from improved safety in intelligent transportation systems to digital transformation of the manufacturing industry.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $453,270
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims, through ethnography, textual and visual analysis to research the interaction between indigenous and introduced knowledge and experience of climate change. The project will highlight indigenous knowledge, agency and future visions in everyday lives and politics.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $465,249
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the ethical and moral psychological foundations of Buddhist thought. It aims to critically analyse the theoretical differences between Buddhist philosophical traditions to reveal a plurality of theoretical grounds on which Western thinkers can embrace Buddhist insights. The project is expected to advance intellectual engagement between Buddhist and Western ethicists, and to demonstrate the importance of a collaborative, interdisciplinary approach to global philosophy.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $410,744
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to interrogate how one significant and under-utilised resource, the speeches made at judicial swearing-in ceremonies, demonstrates changing perceptions of the essential attributes of judges and of judging in Australian Supreme Courts. The projects expected outcomes include revealing the different ways governments, lawyers and judges perceive these attributes; the gendered ramifications of these perceptions; and variations over time and geography. It will inform public debate regarding the ideal attributes of judges and judging, qualities that are essential to maintaining and building public confidence.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $335,983
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to devise strategies that a wide range of groups, such as those in healthcare, science, business etc can use to improve their judgements and decisions. It begins with a philosophical approach to develop a practical framework for understanding and working with groups. This interdisciplinary examination will include devising concrete guidelines that various groups can use to improve the quality of their enquiries and decisions.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $361,020
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand links between recent new public management reforms, particularly in New South Wales, and the operation and capacity of successful urban Aboriginal organisations. The project will include an analysis of case studies from other international jurisdictions (such as New Zealand and Canada). Urban Aboriginal organisations have a distinctive role in society in relation to urban Aboriginal peoples and their rights to self-determination and community development. The outcomes from this project will provide evidence-based research to improve public policy understandings of the distinct role Urban Aboriginal organisations play in society, as well as insights from international comparative research.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $299,108
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance fundamental research in active noise control over spatial regions. It has a broad range of industry applications, such as eliminating road and engine noise for multiple passengers inside car/airplane cabins, and creating individual quiet zones in a public environment. It will focus on developing new theories and techniques to generate multiple quiet zones in indoor/outdoor noisy environments with performance prediction, robust control, and effective implementation. In many practical applications, especially in consumer electronics and medical instruments, the creation of quiet zones is desirable so that in a shared environment people can have their own audio space without physical isolation or using headphones, creating a healthy living and working environment.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $420,055
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop, and then implement, a new suite of fully flexible, interpretable and tractable models for manifold-valued data, along with robust and accurate estimation techniques for their parameters. Multivariate data with complicated constraints, such as manifold-valued data, is frequently encountered in the physical, biological and medical sciences, however it is difficult to define tractable statistical models and estimate their parameters due to the curvature and nonlinear geometry of the sample space. The outcomes of the project are of direct mathematical interest as well as having significant interest to science and business disciplines where manifold-valued data is commonly observed.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $396,637
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop methods to three-dimensional (3D) print functional polymer inks to create advanced objects with engineered properties. Additive manufacturing has the ability to transform industries bringing manufacturing into local business and homes. However, for the true potential to be met, innovative polymer inks need to be developed. This project will develop innovative polymer inks as raw materials for affordable 3D printers. It will prepare a range of polymer inks that respond and change their properties in response to their environment, for example a temperature switch. This will enable printed objects to perform complex tasks such as shape shifting and self-healing.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $317,288
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate phosphorene, a new two-dimensional material, for the development of new optical and electronic devices. Such materials have unique optical and electronic properties due to their flat physical structure, which gives rise to strong interactions between light and matter. The expected outcome of this project will be new kinds of near infrared light emitting diodes, single photon emitters and ground-breaking lasers. These developments will enable the fabrication of new low-power light sources that can integrate with communication technologies now, and quantum communication technologies in the future.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $402,934
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to use a combination of algebraic, analytic and numerical techniques to develop computational algorithms to address a range of notoriously challenging problems in the mathematical sciences. These problems involve predicting the large-scale behaviour of strongly interacting classical and quantum spin systems originating in condensed matter physics, including models of relevance to proposals for topological quantum computation and the latest progress using field theory. The project outcomes will involve advances in understanding these systems from new exact results and high precision numerical estimates.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $371,950
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand how electrical activity in the primary olfactory (piriform) cortex enables mice to recognise and remember odours. By using optical recording techniques together with genetic tools, the project expects to generate new knowledge about how the mammalian brain builds internal representations of the external world. Specific outcomes of the project include new insights into the functional architecture of the piriform cortex and fresh understanding of how olfactory information is encoded and stored in neural circuits. More broadly, the project aims to advance our understanding of how the brain works, with benefits for future improvements in artificial intelligence and brain-machine interfaces.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $726,285
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to demonstrate semiconductor nanowire based quantum well infrared (IR) photodetectors for applications in chemical analysis, remote sensing, thermal imaging, environmental monitoring, space ranging and communications. By utilising one-dimensional nanowire detector architecture, the project expects that improved sensitivity, functionality and reduced cost can be achieved surpassing the performance of current IR technologies. This project will pave the way for a new research and development platform for next generation large scale, low cost, high performance IR systems with commercialisation opportunities accessible to both high-end defence sectors and broader civilian industries.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $463,370
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address and resolve a critical issue facing perovskite solar cells which have enormous potential as a future technology for the large-scale generation of cheap, clean electricity: their instability under actual operating conditions. The project is expected to make significant fundamental advances in compositional, structural and interface engineering. This project will benefit the environment by paving the way for the widespread adoption of cheaper and more efficient solar cells.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $443,270
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to reveal currently unknown molecular details of protein synthesis, a step of gene expression that is central to all of life. To achieve this, innovative methods based on next-generation sequencing will be deployed in the yeast model organism. Yeasts are of importance as pathogens as well as in the food and biotechnology industry sector. Thus, new knowledge generated in this project will help solve problems of invasive pathogenic behaviour and biomass production.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $471,552
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the concepts and strategies required to produce electrically injected semiconductor nanowire lasers. The project will achieve this by understanding light interaction in nanowires, designing appropriate structures to inject current and engineer optical profile and developing nano-fabrication technologies to make them. Electrically operated nanowire lasers would enable practical applications such as on-chip integrated optical systems and ultra-sensitive miniature sensors. The project is expected to pave the way for further development of this technology.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $544,024
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate impacts of climate change on the survival of symbiotic soil bacteria and the nutritional benefits they provide plants, using molecular technology. This project will generate new knowledge about the process of adaptation in symbiotic bacteria, by measuring genomic changes. Expected outcomes of this project include enhanced capacity to design ecological or genetic manipulations of soil bacteria to augment plant survival and health. Anticipated benefits include enhanced woodland restoration in a biodiversity hotspot, options to mitigate habitat damage from climate change, and strategies to increase agricultural productivity with less fertiliser.
Approved 10 Nov 2017
Published 20 Feb 2018 $392,619
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to advance the long-term stability and efficiency of high-temperature absorber coatings for Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants. Solar energy is a vast and largely untapped resource in Australia. The project will design superior light absorbers and scalable and low-cost approaches for their fabrication. Optimal absorber properties will be achieved by multi-scale engineering of the coating composition and micro-texturing via modelling of the light absorption and heat transport within these complex nanocomposite structures. The intended outcome of the project is a set of commercially competitive absorber coatings, with superior performance and durability, that support the development of CSP as a competitive technology for energy generation.
Approved 15 Jun 2018
Published 19 Jun 2018 $440,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to produce better performing self-cleaning lenses, which are less likely to get dirty and are easy to clean. It will develop water and oil repellent coatings with superior optical transparency and mechanical, solvent and UV stability for both hard coated and anti-reflection coated optical lenses. Engineering of stable, ultra-liquid repellent nanomaterials on transparent surfaces will create a foundation of knowledge for the industrial development of the future generation of easy care coatings, with vast application potential.
Approved 15 Jun 2018
Published 19 Jun 2018 $280,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The aim is to value water and support resilient decision-making for water justice. Its significance is to provide missing socio-cultural-environmental values of First Peoples water, the absence of which means Indigenous demands for water justice are frequently ignored. Project outcomes will empower First Peoples and support resilient and evidence-based decision-making. The key benefit is a sustainable Australia through: first-ever conjoint socio-cultural values of First Peoples water; transformative decision-making to account for Indigenous values and risks (such as droughts); and a Water Justice Hub to create a generation of scholars in integrated water valuation, resilient decision-making, and Traditional Water Knowledge.
Approved 21 Nov 2019
Published 18 Sep 2019 $3,336,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The Fellowship aims to produce transformative solutions targeting crop resilience and food security. The chloroplast, the site of photosynthesis, regulates a suite of cellular processes that control photosynthesis, growth and drought resilience. It is expected that a first ever blueprint of the suite of communication networks used by the chloroplast will be discovered. I will use synthetic biology to rewire the network in order to generate 'smart plants' that are higher-yielding and more resilient in both good and bad seasons by precisely switching on and off resilience. Such re-imaginings of crop systems, inclusive of societal implications, will help chart the future of Australian agriculture.
Approved 12 Sep 2019
Published 18 Sep 2019 $2,795,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project seeks to record and contextualise Indigenous and non-Indigenous carvings and inscriptions on ancient Australian boab trees (Adansonia gregorii) growing in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. It will document a hitherto poorly recorded form of traditional Indigenous cultural and artistic practice, as well as information about the lives of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people living on missions and pastoral properties prior to and immediately following European Contact. The significance of the project lies in its ability to record information about the lives of people not captured in other types of historical documents. The project should provide ecological information about the condition of these Kimberley heritage trees.
Approved 12 Nov 2020
Published 18 Nov 2020 $283,678
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The Project aims to transform understandings of Australian literary history by using innovative digital methods to discover, curate and investigate tens of thousands of unrecorded novels, novellas and short stories in 20th-century Australian newspapers. It intends to advance national research capacity by facilitating collaboration, providing research training and making a substantial contribution to open-access, sustainable digital infrastructure for Australian literary studies. Expected outcomes include a new history of Australian literature and new model for participatory literary history. The Project's benefits should include expanding the National Library of Australia's records and promoting public engagement with Australian literature.
Approved 12 Nov 2020
Published 18 Nov 2020 $290,606
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to create new understanding of cultural economies and trade routes that shaped Aboriginal societies across Australia, and to explore how such knowledge informs society today. It expects to generate national research capacity through innovative networks of early-mid career scholars, Indigenous researchers and cultural custodians, and new understandings of connections between living and archival knowledge of Indigenous trade in the Kimberley and Desert Regions. This should provide significant outcomes and benefits including revitalised Indigenous cultural exchange and trade practices; strengthened Indigenous networks and cultural authority; and greater awareness of this part of Australia’s history, economy and society.
Approved 12 Nov 2020
Published 18 Nov 2020 $194,500
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to interrogate the importance of Aboriginal knowledge in the development of Australian archaeology. Through a close study of archival and published archaeological literature, the project anticipates generating new knowledge and innovative interpretations of archaeology's history. Expected outcomes include a radical rewriting of a significant chapter of the nation’s history and enhancing the reinterpretation of museum displays and tourism presentation of heritage sites. This reclaiming of the contribution of the First Australians in the development of the current knowledge of 65,000 years of our history, seeks to benefit Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, and to contribute to ongoing reconciliation.
Approved 12 Nov 2020
Published 18 Nov 2020 $277,158
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The project aims to advance understandings of Indigenous languages across Australia by investigating which languages are used where (‘language ecologies’), and how they impact on people's lives. With Indigenous co-researchers, the project plans to illuminate present and historical features of language ecologies. Its significance is in bridging a chasm between Indigenous people's understandings of languages, and a lack of good data on this for policy-makers. Expected outcomes are better empirical data on language use and new methods for identifying language ecologies. Intended benefits include increased appreciation of the rich history of Indigenous language use, leading to new capacity for policy-makers to distinguish language ecologies.
Approved 12 Nov 2020
Published 18 Nov 2020 $280,510
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand how the elements forged in stars flow through space and find their way into new stars and planets. The history of these elements, and how they came to be in planets like ours, is one of the most basic questions remaining in astrophysics. The expected outcome is to provide a model for the history of the elements that can provide a theoretical basis and a vital set of statistical tools to interpret the flood of data that will arrive from Australian and international telescopes over the next five years. The results will significantly benefit astronomical fields from cosmology to chemical evolution, and the machine learning methods developed will have applications well beyond astronomy. The end result will be a new and deeper insight into our cosmic origins.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $0
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address large uncertainties in Australias hydroclimate projections, by reconstructing Australian monsoon variability over the past three million years. The project expects to generate new knowledge to quantify the frequency and amplitudes of extreme rainfall and drought in Northwest Australia. By providing essential new information about the timing, frequency, and intensity of past drought and extreme rainfall, the project is expected to enable more accurate climate projections required for effective adaptation and mitigation. This project will also benefit the Australian archaeology community, by providing a much-needed environmental context for mapping Australian pre-history.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $350,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to document and compare the long-term historical trajectories of Eastern Polynesian chiefdoms by developing a new perspective on ancient ritual practices and monuments. Using archaeological, historical and ethnographic material, the project expects to increase our knowledge of Polynesias archaeological history. Anticipated outcomes of this project include a better understanding of traditional religious systems in Polynesia, and the development of a theoretical and methodological framework for the study of ancient rituals. It should further create a new model of collaborative research with Pacific Islanders for whom their legacy of ritual monuments bear a critical cultural significance; it thus informs a better understanding of Australias role in Pacific studies.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $391,950
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how reform of the United Nations (UN) peace and security architecture is shaping the organisations human protection practices in local conflicts. The project will develop a new interdisciplinary framework for studying the international-local interactions that influence global norm making and implementation, using methods drawn from international relations and international law. Expected outcomes include enhanced understanding of the factors driving major institutional reform in the UN and the impact of reform on UN prevention and protection. It will benefit those in Australia and internationally seeking to support the UN reform agenda to enhance international stability and human protection.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $404,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims at investigating symmetries of geometric objects called CR-manifolds. It is expected to open new avenues for understanding such symmetries at the infinitesimal level and lead to ground-breaking results in CR-geometry. Expected outcomes include new methodology, solving long-standing problems, and establishing international research collaborations. The benefits are in enhancing the strength of the research in analysis and geometry performed in Australia, in fostering the international competitiveness of Australian research and in high-quality research training.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $0
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate a multispecies approach within nomadic medical practices and how this knowledge has been transmitted on the Mongolian Plateau. It will examine how Mongolian medicine treats both humans and animal patients, and how multispecies knowledge has developed over time. The project will focus on three forms of knowledge transmission: learning through word-of-mouth and practical trial-and-error; a more structured form of learning through Buddhist monasteries, which engages with both apprenticeship and ancient texts; and the modern institutional model of the hospital. The project expects to contribute to research on global health across species, as well as across different environmental contexts within local settings.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $433,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop novel methods of controlling multi-species particles in fluid suspensions, such as microorganisms in wounds. Physical methods of control offer additional opportunities for wound healing in the era of increased microbial resistance to antibiotics. The project will develop methods of controlling the local concentration of microorganisms, such as bacteria and cells, using wave-driven turbulent transport and active synthetic agents. The proposed methods will also benefit applications in microfluidics, liquid metamaterials, micro-assembly and technologies for cleaning liquid surfaces. The project will advance our fundamental knowledge of particle interaction with matter waves.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $410,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate deep connections between genetic structure (population genetic processes, linkage disequilibrium and population structure) and the ability to statistically detect genetic variants responsible for variation in traits. The project expects to generate new knowledge in the areas of statistics, mathematics and biology through an innovative, multidisciplinary approach that synthesises and extends foundational disciplinary results. Expected outcomes of this project include principles and methodology that underpin future genetic association studies by supplying a framework for interpreting results. This should provide significant benefits by reducing false conclusions and their associated costs.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $360,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop and realise experimentally integrated circuits where light propagation mimics dynamics in arbitrarily complex imaginary photonic lattices. The project puts forward a universal and mass-fabrication compatible design concept of planar optical structures featuring unconventional synthetic multi-dimensional properties, which can also be reconfigured in real time. This underpins expected outcomes in optical detection with fundamentally enhanced sensitivity and optical signal switching with ultra-low threshold. The benefits of such breakthrough improvements can have broad applications spanning from future optical communication networks to optical sensors for monitoring and health applications.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $445,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate health-related topics in invasive fish. The evolution of large brains suggests that smarter individuals have more offspring due to natural and sexual selection. This project aims to test if the ability to perform cognitively challenging tasks predicts reproductive success. In addition, many life history traits show a trade-off between early and late life performance. This project will test this prediction to see if individuals with above average cognitive performance when young are below average when old, that is faster 'cognitive senescence', or whether some individuals stay relatively smarter than others throughout their lives.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $470,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand the initial steps of RNA biogenesis and how this process is linked to the chromatin environment. Although less than five per cent of our genome encodes proteins, almost the entire genome is transcribed to RNA. A large portion of these transcripts are degraded during the early steps of RNA biogenesis by the RNA surveillance machinery, but the mechanism for the recognition and degradation of these transcripts is not understood. New evidence suggests that the chromatin environment of the transcribed locus plays an important role in this process. This project will lead to significant benefits in the implementation of emerging RNA-based technologies and in understanding how genome stability is maintained.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $370,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to dissect the ecological and evolutionary processes causing a decline in an iconic Australian bird species. Studies that can properly test explanations for declines in wild populations are rare. This project aims to test how environmental and genetic processes shape individual traits, how these traits determine fitness and how changes in individual fitness affect population dynamics. The project expects to provide essential information for the improved management of Australian bird populations, and for understanding the effects of environmental change on natural systems globally.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $600,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to explore the design, synthesis, characterisation and applications of novel materials in which metals are bridged by a single carbon atom. Materials based on metals (M) separated by a single oxygen atom (O) underpin all manner of technologies from the pigments of antiquity to modern electronics. Electronic/magnetic communication across MOM bridges is thus extremely well understood. Materials with two metals bridged by one carbon atom (MCM) are in contrast, rare and poorly understood. Developing synthetic routes to such materials will make it possible to map the diversity of chemical and electronic features against theoretical models in search of new materials with unique reactivities and properties for commercial exploitation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate whether ocean surface temperatures can increase beyond the 35 degree centigrade threshold for the survival of humans and many other mammal species. Climate models predict that ocean surface temperatures will exceed 35 degree centigrade in parts of the middle east and throughout much of South East Asia in as little as 50 years. This project will use a series of laboratory experiments to test whether parts of the ocean surface can be warmed beyond this limit under natural conditions. Expected outcomes of this project are a new understanding of what sets the maximum surface temperature of the ocean, thereby allowing us to determine whether coastal regions of the humid tropics and sub-tropics will remain habitable for humans and other mammal species in the near future.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $270,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide an analysis of the cultural and social drivers behind the threat of antimicrobial resistance in India. As the highest consumer of antibiotics globally, India is central to the global challenge of addressing antimicrobial resistance. This project will focus on antimicrobial resistance as a distinctly social problem. The intended outcomes include a deep understanding of how the crisis is unfolding in India at the nexus of poverty, weak governance and embedded cultural practices. Anticipated findings will generate policy-relevant outputs to optimise antimicrobial use, position Australia as a leading voice in addressing a global threat, and prepare Australia against the specific issue of microbial resistance.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $408,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to fill in a critical knowledge gap in global carbon cycle research, by generating the first high-resolution deep Atlantic carbonate ion and nutrient records for the last 150,000 years. The project will derive air-sea carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange signals, which permit straightforward evaluation of the deep Atlantics role in millennial atmospheric CO2 changes under various climate conditions. The intended outcome of this project is to substantially improve our understanding of the mechanisms that govern the global carbon cycle. This should provide significant benefits including the assessment of models used to predict future global warming due to anthropogenic CO2.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $330,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance our understanding of liberal culture, a concept central to the humanities and to modern social and political discourse. It will address the problem of liberalism's perceived rationalism by investigating the role of emotion as a core characteristic of liberal culture during its formation and subsequent development over the course of the long nineteenth century. The project will focus on periodicals as a vital medium for the cultivation and dissemination of progressive liberal ideas and values, as well as for the expression and discussion of the emotions. The project will benefit scholars in political, literary, and cultural studies and contribute to current debates in Australia about liberal culture and its sustainability.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $165,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the growth and demonstration of compound semiconductor microring lasers on silicon substrates, using selective area growth to engineer the shape of the lasing cavity at the nano/micro-scale. Silicon photonics is currently a dominant technology in optical and data communication systems, and the continued development demands higher speeds, lower power consumption and lower costs. However, on-chip integrated, high efficiency lasers are still elusive due to mismatch in material platforms between the lasers and silicon substrates. This project will produce reliable, efficient and easily manufacturable laser sources integrated on silicon photonic chips. It is also expected to pave the way for more development of this technology by the industry to further drive the cost of silicon photonics technology down whilst increasing data transmission speed.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $480,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to solve the enduring question about galaxy formation of why galaxies are so inefficient at turning gas into stars. This project will investigate two possible agents for this inefficiency, the pressures exerted by starlight photons and the relativistic cosmic rays produced by supernovae, using a combination of numerical simulations, basic physical analysis, and comparison to observations. The expected outcome will be a greatly improved understanding of the physics of the interaction of radiation and cosmic rays with star-forming interstellar gas. This will help complete the picture of how galaxies like our own came to be, and will provide tools for both future simulations and the interpretation of observations.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $430,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop thermal infrared technologies for the Very large telescope interferometer Infrared Kernel-NullinG instrument (VIKiNG), making it the most capable direct exoplanet detection instrument on any existing, or under construction, facility. Australia is currently world leading in innovative photonics technologies, and these are currently the limiting factor in producing a manufacturable design for VIKiNG. This project provides a clear pathway for laboratory development of high-efficiency, active mid-infrared photonic circuits in the thermal infrared. Beyond benefits to astronomy, these circuits are the first step in developing remote molecule detectors for environmental monitoring and security.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $435,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the mixing of light colours in semiconductor nanocrystals arranged in an ultra-thin transparent film, called a nonlinear metasurface. Understanding of the resonant nonlinear interactions in such metasurfaces will allow for the up and down frequency conversion of light beams and images with efficiencies well beyond current capabilities. The outcomes of the project will form the basis for novel cost-effective and compact devices for infrared imaging, and will also enable ultra-fast sources of quantum light with tailored spatial and spectral correlations. These will benefit important applications in defence and security, including night vision, security holograms, quantum cryptography and communications.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $450,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to reveal the process of gaseous accretion in interacting galaxies by elucidating the origin and evolution of the Magellanic Stream. The Magellanic Stream is an enormous tail of hydrogen gas extending from the Magellanic Clouds almost fully around the Milky Way. Through unravelling the Magellanic Stream and revealing how it will impact the Milky Way, this project will help understand how galaxies receive new gas to continue their star formation and very existence. The project will use the newly constructed Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder to shed light on the question of how galaxies evolve, one of the highest priority questions in Australian Astrophysics as defined by the Australian Astronomy Decadal Plan.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $380,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address how complex hunter-gatherers sustained large villages along the South China Coast for 2 millennia. About 7000 years ago, the people and landscape of this region began a long journey of transformation when affluent village systems appeared. Combining archaeology with archaeo-botany, palaeo-landscape reconstruction, and bio-archaeology, this project seeks to learn how these early coastal societies contributed to regional social-economic developments, in a time long prior to written chronicles. The project expects to support new comprehension of these unique coastal communities and their relationship with others in the broader Asia-Pacific region.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $309,942
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the causes and consequences of variation in rate of DNA sequence evolution across three kingdoms of life. Dates estimated from DNA sequences have a wide range of applications, including evolutionary biology, conservation prioritisation and epidemiology. These methods rely on accurate rate estimates, but current models lack information about the biological drivers of rates of genomic change. This project will test reliability of current methods, identify potentially misleading estimates of disease origin or conservation priorities, and develop new approaches with empirically-informed models of rate change.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $462,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new methodologies to analyse and design control systems for highly resonant flexible structures occurring in emerging areas of precision engineering such as atomic force microscopes, scanning tunnelling microscopes and microelectromechanical systems. Critical to the operation of these instruments are feedback control systems. In order to enable microelectromechanical technologies to be developed at a large scale, control systems are required with high levels of accuracy, speed and robustness. This project will enable the systematic synthesis of such control systems and thus facilitate advances in micro and nano-electomechanical sensors, biological, medical and materials imaging, and quantum computing devices.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $430,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to formally verify automatic memory managers in the presence of concurrency and the weakly ordered memory of modern processors. A new framework for verifying memory managers, reusable for a wide range of managed programming languages, target hardware, policies, and algorithms will be developed. Expected technical outcomes include improved techniques to ensure trustworthiness of the foundations on which critical software infrastructures are built. This will significantly enhance the security of public and private cyber assets, and deliver applications that are more robust and trustworthy, across a range of critical infrastructure such as transportation, communication, energy and defence.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $480,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance knowledge to quantify ongoing mass loss of Earths polar ice caps and glaciers, increases in sea level, and changes in continental water storage. The project expects to improve the capability to monitor changes on Earth using satellites and to enhance analysis by exploiting data from new instrumentation on the GRACE Follow-On space gravity mission, due for launch in 2018. Expected results aim to improve computational tools and to develop expertise to analyse the new data. Other expected outcomes include reliable methods to monitor significant sea-level rise and associated societal and economic disruptions.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $485,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine whether species that have small geographic ranges and which live in historically stable refugia have evolved narrow climatic tolerances. The project will compare such species with more widespread, related species living in the same areas and combine field- and lab-based estimates of physiological tolerances with genomic estimates of population history and diversity. The expected outcome is to test the prediction from evolutionary theory that small-range, refugial species are intrinsically more sensitive to climatic change. The project expects to provide improved guidance for ecological management of biodiversity hotspots.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $422,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to create a degenerate Fermi gas of metastable helium atoms to study some basic properties of elementary quantum systems. The unique properties of helium provide access to observe many-body correlation functions. Expected outcomes are a new demonstration of the Pauli exclusion principle, where no two Fermions can be in the same location, and revealing the fundamental correlations that underlie many-body quantum systems. Correlations between Fermions underpin many effects in physics, such as high temperature superconductivity and quantum magnetism. This knowledge will have an influence on the development of new quantum technologies, such as quantum computers.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $505,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the roles of plant malectin receptor kinases in pathogen recognition and response. The project will utilise molecular and cell biological tools to detect complex formation and changes in sugar import into cells. Expected outcomes of this project include a better understanding of how pathogens manipulate plant cells to their benefit, and greater knowledge of which host molecules participate in this process. This should provide significant benefits such as a new theoretical basis to engineer crop plants for resistance against devastating diseases.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $430,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study how transport infrastructure supports innovations, productivity gains, and industrial development. This project will study the effects of this development on productivity and resource allocation in the manufacturing sector, output and efficiency growth, and the spatial allocation of capital and labour inputs. The project expects to build a geospatial database covering China's full transportation network from 1993-2014, merge this database with manufacturing plants longitudinal data, and apply (quasi)-natural experiments for analyses. Knowledge derived from this project will be significant for Australia because Chinas productivity, resource allocation, and competitive advantage directly impact Australias industrial development, employment and sustainable economic growth.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $164,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to discover new and potentially useful structural and regulatory genes while advancing knowledge of the chemical, genetic and ecological basis of unique evolutionary flower colour shifts.Dramatic shifts in floral colour is widespread in flowering plants, however, just how changes in flower colour occur remains poorly understood. This project will take advantage of unique Australian plants to investigate the molecular mechanisms and evolutionary shift in flower colour changes. This project expects to advance knowledge on plant specialised metabolism with potential contributions to the floriculture, food and flavour industries.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $391,743
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to build a physical-organic chemistry framework of transferable molecular descriptors for a relatively new but a rapidly developing area of unimolecular electronics (UE) using advanced computational chemistry tools. Established structure-property relationships will drive the cutting-edge applications of UE in sensing and catalysis and significantly expand our understanding of charge transport involving free radicals and non-covalent assemblies. Expected outcomes of this project include new design guidelines and candidate molecular architectures for such practical applications as organocatalysis inside molecular junctions, molecular spintronics and molecular sensors for reactive oxygen species and nitroaromatic pollutants.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $0
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the impact of the four basic forces of evolution, mutation, selection, neutral drift, and gene flow, on the genome. Genome-scale data have a signature of these forces and extracting it would greatly improve the quality of evolutionary models fit to the data, but the framework to identify the evolutionary forces has not been developed. This project will develop tests for assessing the impact of the primary evolutionary forces on the genome, and test these methods using simulations. The new framework of genomic analysis will be disseminated through an intuitive software package, and will be used to estimate with unprecedented confidence the history of diversification and genome evolution of marsupials.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $344,682
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to upgrade the beam injection for Australias Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility, by installing an electrostatic analyser and an ion source to produce negative helium beams. Fundamental questions on the origin of the elements and the quantum mechanics of nuclei will be studied, along with applications of accelerator science, which extend from measuring human impact on the environment to developing nuclear knowledge for medicine. Expected outcomes include improved isotope tracing in environmental applications, assessment of detectors for dark matter searches and exploring interstellar particle influx to the Earth. New research will be conducted into the quantum mechanics of nuclei and new astrophysics and medical applications. The project aims to enhance international scientific exchanges by attracting top scientists to a world-class Australian facility. It will provide unique training of skilled personnel in nuclear techniques for medicine, environmental monitoring and industry, and support Australias leading role in nuclear safety, security and non-proliferation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $440,243
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project enables Australian Researchers open, merit based access to the National Computational Infrastructures (NCI) high-performance computing facility. The NCI provides researchers in universities, science agencies and industry with world-class, integrated high-performance computing/data services that enable high-impact research in every field of science and technology. The core capital infrastructure is supported through the NCRIS program, and the Administering Organisation and the Partner Organisations fund the operational costs. This project provides 30 per cent of the operational time of the NCI facility to Australian researchers who are not based at a Partner organisation. Benefits include ensuring merit based access to this national facility for all researchers, the acceleration in the design of new materials for the energy, health, and IT sectors, understanding how our oceans and atmosphere drive climate variability and extremes that impacts agricultural production, and the development of novel therapeutics for fighting multidrug-resistant infections.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $4,320,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to establish the Australian Mountain Research Infrastructure Facility (AMRIF). The facility will catalyse and support world-leading ecosystem, evolutionary and biophysical science to engage and build capacity of decision makers responsible for managing Australia's mountains. Australia's High Mountains provide critical water supply, clean energy, unique biodiversity, recreation and education opportunities but face an ecological crisis from climate and land use change. The AMIRF will bring together leading institutions and researchers to produce world-leading ecosystem, evolutionary and biophysical science to guide adaptive management of High Mountains across Australia. It will support research to assess the extent and effects of changing climate, water and fire regimes on ecosystem processes and their feedback, and provide a structure for integrated research, management and governance of Australia's mountains.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $1,120,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to complete the SABRE South dark matter detector with the most radio-pure sodium-iodide crystals installed in the Stawell Underground Physics Laboratory. Existing evidence for dark matter is indirect, but the southern hemisphere location and operation, in conjunction with a similar detector in Italy, provides crucial advantages for resolving a dark matter signal from seasonal backgrounds. The expected outcome is to search for dark matter from 2019-2022 and, in doing so, resolve whether one of the most persistent and enigmatic signals for dark matter is real. The benefits will include scientific understanding of the universe, Australian leadership in big science, and significant technological advances. The discovery of dark matter would have an immense impact, similar to that involving the detection of the Higgs boson and gravitational waves.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $1,079,304
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to explore how the sex of cells impacts virus infections in culture. To date, the sex of cells in culture has been overlooked as an important source of biological variability, but may be found to affect basic science through to anti-viral drug discovery. Using a model in which a virus can be adapted to grow better in cells of a single sex, this project expects to generate new knowledge about how sex differences impact virus-host interactions. This project expects to provide new insights into sex-based differences in how cells detect and respond to virus infection, and the extent to which the sex of cells impacts viruses in general.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $560,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to improve the performance of programming languages used by millions of Australians every day, such as Java, JavaScript and PHP by developing improved memory-management algorithms. These languages use what is referred to as garbage collection to ensure memory is managed without data loss, but do so conservatively and consequently cause performance challenges and energy overheads. This project expects to provide these languages with improved memory-management algorithms, and provides researchers and industry with a framework for innovation. This project will enable safe software that is more efficient on today's hardware and able to exploit emerging hardware. This project should lead to better performance and energy savings for server applications, phones, watches, and smart appliances, while ensuring memory safety.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $440,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address the evolutionary biology question of what drives convergent evolution of morphological phenotypes. Leveraging previous research on the phylogenetics of Australian reptiles and amphibians, the project will apply new methodological and analytical tools for quantifying and evaluating morphological diversity in a phylogenetic context. The project expects to test the influence of climate, habitat and evolutionary history on driving convergent morphological evolution across multiple independent animal groups. The project will address fundamental theories on convergent evolution and will improve public awareness of Australias unique animals and their history.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $432,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address many of the important problems in the area of geometric flow of hypersurfaces. Geometric flow is the central direction in the field of geometric analysis and has proven to be powerful in understanding geometry and topology of the underlying manifolds. The project expects to improve our understanding of the flows and enable their application to unravel new results in geometry and topology through the development of new mathematical techniques. The project is expected to impact on a range of related fields, including image processing and materials science.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $125,038
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as part of a reaction to produce a carbon-neutral solar fuel.People are currently still over reliant on fossil fuels for energy production, which leads to increased greenhouse gases and their detrimental climate effect. This project will develop novel wireless sustainable nano-reactors, which can be scaled to a system working in an ambient environment for high-yield production. The expected outcomes are to synthesise nano-flowers composed of 2D functional nano-leaves, which will be fabricated into a flexible large-area carbon dioxide-to-solar fuel system. This project will also expand knowledge in heterojunctions, surface chemistry and nano-manufacturing of 2D materials. The technology to be developed will only rely on natural solar, atmospheric, and earth-abundant eco-friendly resources, and intends to promote Australia as a key regional solar fuels production and export nation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $520,372
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop the first national consensus statement on the use of technology in mental health care in Australia. The project will examine how Australian health practitioners currently use digital therapy programs, and synthesise this data with international evidence and input from Australian government, health service, and digital health experts. This project expects to improve the implementation of digital therapy tools using an innovative, theory-driven approach. Expected outcomes of this project include increased and optimal implementation of digital therapy tools among mental health care providers and enhanced capacity within the Australian health system to meet the high demand for services in the community.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $353,085
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine the underlying cause of recent earthquake activity in central Australia. Of all the stable continents, Australia is surprisingly seismically active, with intra-plate earthquakes occurring relatively frequently. However, these are unpredictable, placing lives and infrastructure at risk. This project offers the opportunity to use a new seismic experiment to improve detection of small events that may warn of a more dangerous earthquake to come, and provide sub-surface imaging of the hidden crustal boundaries and faults that are ultimately responsible. Benefits will include improved hazard assessment, and a new predictive model for exploration that relates regional seismicity, crustal faults, and mineral systems.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $404,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address a significant gap in our current knowledge of global change in skeletal health throughout recent human history. By contributing the first bone microstructural data for archaeological humans from across Asia-Pacific, this project aims to map the ways in which these ancient humans grew and adapted to different lifestyles.The project expects to identify new ways of predicting human bone health response to environmental and cultural change, contributing models for the wellbeing of past, living, and future human generations.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $381,268
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide a comprehensive examination of the transnational networks of the ultra-orthodox Salafi Sunni Muslim clerics. The project expects to generate new knowledge in the areas of Islamic studies and religion in society by studying transnational religious actors. This project offers new insights on the workings of Salafi clerical networks, and how these clerics attempt to influence and operate in Muslim societies. Since Salafism is blamed for providing the ideological foundations for extremism, the project provides significant benefits to the scholarly community as well as for policy makers, intelligence professionals and the general public in Australia and worldwide.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $377,402
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a holistic framework for prioritisation of uncertainties in Integrated Water Resource Assessment and Management to assist water resource analysts and planners to improve sustainability of water resource management outcomes. The framework will help scientists, consultants, policy makers and water users better select which sources of uncertainty to address in their work, with what resources, and what methods. Expected outcomes are novel analytical methods to evaluate current practice in uncertainty prioritisation, communicate when and how to use established and novel uncertainty management techniques, and improve prioritisation of uncertainty using proof-of-concept model-based analyses. The project should improve decision making in policy and industry, and societal and environmental outcomes of water management.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $376,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate divergence in drought response strategies among foundation Eucalyptus species, using the latest genomic advances. The project expects to contribute new knowledge of drought adaptation in trees, specifically identifying above and below ground interactions that may constrain evolutionary responses to climate change by assessing genotype-trait associations in an integrated, whole plant research model. Expected outcomes include enhanced capacity to design agroforestry and restoration breeding programs to increase tree productivity and resilience under increasing aridity. This will benefit the conservation of endangered Australian woodlands, restoration of degraded landscapes, and production forestry.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $419,406
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to demonstrate room temperature hybrid nanowire-nanoantenna infrared photodetectors by integrating plasmonic nanoantennas on semiconductor nanowire arrays. It is expected that such novel device architectures will not only bring enhanced performance in responsivity, detectivity, and photoresponse bandwidth, but also additional functionalities such as selective wavelength and tunable polarisation, which may significantly outperform current infrared technology. The outcomes will provide a new device platform for next-generation, large-scale, reduced-cost, high-performance imaging systems in self-driving navigation, object identification, spectroscopy, and other high-end defence and civilian applications.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $384,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide a suite of theories, methods and software to enhance our understanding on how the generation of variation at molecular level is linked to the generation of species richness at lineage level. This new approach tests various ways that molecular changes are manifested as patterns of diversification, as revealed by genomic data analysed at the lineage level in phylogenetic studies. Expected outcomes of this project add to a growing body of evolutionary theory and provide practical phylogenetic tools for future analyses. These should benefit Australia by improving our understanding on the formation of Australias biodiversity hotspots.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $418,386
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a range of bio-inspired, mixed metal iron-molybdenum complexes that are capable of activating molecular nitrogen, N2, at ambient pressure and temperature. The activation of atmospheric N2 is performed on a multi-million tonne scale each year and is key to a number of industrial processes. The project expects to generate new knowledge in the area of organometallic chemistry, specifically with regards to molecular metal-metal bonding and subsequent reactivity towards the activation of N2. Expected outcomes include new and improved catalysts, which will provide significant financial benefits to industry, as well as benefiting the environment by reducing energy demand.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $422,574
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate questions about cross-cultural communication through the circulation of art objects across the globe. Focusing on early modern diplomatic gifts that are now housed in museums around the world, this project examines the preservation and display of material culture in contemporary museology. Expected outcomes of this project include a better understanding of the role of art in cultural diplomacy, new digital methods for the analysis of cultural networks, and advanced theories for understanding cultural identity in an increasingly connected world.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $413,745
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to conceptualise the history of one of East Asias most significant modern conflicts, the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), focusing on neglected stories of the Nationalist soldiers. Combining historical research, ethnography and discourse analysis, the project intends to investigate the local, national and international context behind the veterans' journey of being forgotten and re-remembered in Chinese history. This work will assist governments and others to understand the legacies of the Second World War in China, and the complexity of Chinese nationalism. Potential benefits include reconciliation in this region through the facilitation of a more open discussion on war experiences and commemoration in Asia, intersecting with Australian commemoration practices.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $411,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to cultivate socially responsible design practices within the Australian digital start-up industry through an industry-user design ethnography, and the development and delivery of a critical design toolkit for industry participants. Social ills associated with technological design have plagued Silicon Valley in the United States of America. Australia is positioned to avoid these issues while emerging as a global leader in ethical design practices. This project will provide Australian start-ups with crucial knowledge to serve diverse populations through thoughtful design decisions, positioning the industry as an exemplar model of social responsibility. This project will advance theories of science and technology studies while positioning Australia as a leading force in social responsibility.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $359,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to establish a tool to accelerate lead generation from very small molecules. This will shift the paradigm in the identification of small molecules that can serve as lead compounds for the development of specific probes or drugs. This project offers a new strategy to rapidly generate lead compounds from a library of compound fragments. The new approach is expected to facilitate identification and development of new lead molecules, drawing on advances made in the field of fragment-based lead discovery, which is increasingly used in the pharmaceutical industries. The tools developed can also be applied for imaging of biological processes. By developing new technologies, the project should deliver intellectual property with potential for commercialisation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $405,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to generate a new understanding of how rust fungi infect plant cells using single-cell sequencing technologies and data-driven investigations. This project expects to discover conserved rust infection strategies and the first characterisations of mechanisms that transfer virulence proteins from the fungus to the plant. Innovations and new knowledge from this project will be of high-impact and of benefit to the Australian and international community through knowledge discovery about conserved rust infection mechanisms. This project expects to deliver strategies for effective rust disease management that will in the future lessen the impact of rust diseases on agriculture and natural ecosystems in Australia.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $362,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address the challenges of topological protection in active and tunable photonic elements utilised for compact optical transmitting devices by designing dielectric nanostructures. The rapidly growing demands of information processing have launched a race for compact optical devices transmitting signals without scattering losses. The recent emergence of topological phases of light provides unique opportunities to create new photonic systems immune to scattering losses and disorder increasing the efficiency of light transmission in optical devices. The project expects to advance knowledge in fundamental nanoscale optics and benefit globally important photonic applications, ranging from high-speed data processing and communications to optical storage and low-power nanolasing. This project will provide benefits by uncovering disorder-immune technologies for emerging photonic industries in Australia.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $404,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine precise timing of formation and primary melting of asteroids of various compositions, and to trace the stellar sources and mixing processes that caused the compositional diversity of asteroids and planets in our Solar System. This can be attained by comprehensive study of achondrites, meteorites derived from asteroids that were once partially melted. Using the worlds foremost facilities for cosmochemical research in Australia and the United States of America, the processes leading to the formation of planets will be explored. This project is intended to advance fundamental knowledge of the environment in which planets emerge and evolve, and the place of our Solar System among planetary systems in the Galaxy.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $300,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a novel microscopy platform that will enable the visualisation and quantification of molecular events occurring under fluid shear stress. The project will generate new knowledge in platelet biology that will allow characterisation and prediction of key molecular and morphological changes occurring across a blood thrombus under flowing conditions as found in the blood vessels. These new tools and the imaging platform will have applications for researchers wishing to visualise small and rapid molecular events in four dimensions (length, width, height and across time) under fluid shear stress, which is applicable across a range of industries. The project expects to deliver the next generation of intravital microscopes that can visualise and quantify events in a challenging flow environment.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $440,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study the fabrication and application of nano-porous antimony based semiconductors prepared by high-energy ion irradiation. Using a unique combination of synchrotron and laboratory- based analytical techniques as well as computer simulations, the project expects to identify the physical mechanisms for porous structure formation and exploit the materials for application in thermoelectric and thermo-photovoltaic devices. Expected outcomes of the project include fabrication processes compatible with current device fabrication methodologies that should enable rapid integration of the materials into advanced device applications. Significant benefits should result from novel applications of the technologies such as energy harvesting and sensor devices.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $400,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to discover the largest black holes in the early universe and their origin, and weigh them using infrared spectroscopy. Giant black holes at the centres of galaxies reach masses over ten billion times that of our Sun. Astronomy has revealed the origin of black holes with masses similar to that of the Sun, but remains puzzled by the existence of those with masses many million times larger. This project will reveal pathways of black-hole growth early after the Big Bang. The project will shed light on the evolution of galaxies in the early universe and prepare the ground for new work by other scientists, for example on the origin of the elements.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $375,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate profound physics problem of quantum tunnelling of composite systems such as atoms, molecules and atomic nuclei. Using new theoretical concepts and tools to describe low-energy fusion between atomic nuclei, this project is expected to generate new knowledge and improve understanding of nuclear reactions, the formation of elements in the cosmos, and underpin future nuclear technologies. The project aims to leverage Australian capacity in quantum and nuclear theory to produce the first predictive model of quantum tunnelling with a modern microscopic treatment of nuclear dynamics. It will provide new theoretical guidance to experimental programs with exotic beams and focussing on nucleosynthesis.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to generate new knowledge on how to influence public policy in order to reduce the supply and consumption of a health-harming commodity, ultra-processed foods. Using governance theory and qualitative techniques the project intends to identify the actors who are influential in the three key policy areas of trade, taxation and marketing and who affect the consumption of these foods in Australia, Thailand and Fiji. Expected outcomes include strategies for pursuing these different actors interests and evidence that can help institutions to promote better policies. Intended benefits include better nutrition outcomes in Australia, Thailand and Fiji.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $393,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to improve our understanding of the damage processes in Positron Emission Tomography (PET). PET is a widely used medical imaging technique, but there are gaps in our understanding of the underlying interactions, in particular in the case of the radiation damage induced during the process. By using new models incorporating accurate descriptions of interactions processes, verified by experimental measurement, this project will develop a new model of positron transport in PET. The project will allow validation of predictions from the model by undertaking experiments in liquid water.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $510,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how China uses infrastructure-driven development to wield international influence, by studying how Chinese ideas of developmentalism interact with nation building and regime security imperatives in Indonesia, Myanmar and Laos. The project expects to generate new comparative knowledge about development logics and competing sectoral interests around major infrastructure projects that breaks new conceptual ground on analysing international influence and the economic-security nexus in Asia. Enhanced understanding of the conditions under which Chinas development model is attractive to others, would benefit Australian and international agencies seeking strategic diplomatic and investment decisions in the Asia-Pacific.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $252,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to build on recent advances in statistical inference to develop a new quantitative framework for palaeomagnetism. Palaeomagnetic analysis of Earth's ancient magnetic field helps us to derive plate tectonic reconstructions and to use geomagnetic reversals to date rock sequences. These applications depend on statistical methods that are either flawed or that lack sufficient diagnostic power to be useful for addressing increasingly complex questions. Expected outcomes are an urgently needed new generation of palaeomagnetic statistical analysis methods. The project will provide quantitative tools that will benefit all palaeomagnetic applications across Earth Science and have widespread benefit and impact in academic and industrial research.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $360,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide new evidence on the twin wealth and health costs and benefits of greater gender equality in work hours, and new data resources for policy modelling and testing. It also aims to provide insights into progress on gender parity which appears to have stalled despite concerted policy action. Expected benefits of this evidence include improving the health and economic security of women, and the identification of options for new policy actions to solve the problem of gender inequality in employment and earnings.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $405,092
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to resolve simultaneously the timing and space localisation of photoelectron emission from atoms and molecules as a means for targeted breaking of molecular bonds. Existing techniques determine the timing and spatial characteristics of photoemission independently. The simultaneous time-space resolution will allow for the precise manipulation of photoelectrons by a sequence of phase-stabilised laser pulses, a technique known as coherent control. The benefit of this project will be the coherently controlled breaking of molecular bonds in oxide, carbonyl and hydrocarbon molecules. The outcome will be a significant step forward in driving complex photochemical reactions in industry.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $435,449
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to create new, technologically-interesting, materials by combining shear (sliding forces) with high pressure. The work will use both modelling and experiments to understand the pathways to form new materials such as a different form of diamond that is predicted to be harder than regular diamond. Such a material could be used in coatings for cutting tools or ultra-low-scratch surfaces. Expected outcomes include both an understanding of the importance of shear in the study of high-pressure science, and as a tool to manufacture new functional materials.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $640,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to quantify and model the processes that lead to quantum thermalisation in nuclear collisions. Thermalisation is critical to the synthesis of new superheavy elements, production of medical isotopes, and creation of heavy elements in the cosmos. Yet quantum thermalisation in nuclear systems is not understood, causing models to be wrong by up to a factor of 100. This project will determine the routes to thermalisation in nuclear systems by combining the latest concepts in many body quantum physics with enhancements to Australias precision measurement capabilities. The project will enable new fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and benefit broader applications of nuclear collisions.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $510,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide a systematic and empirically-informed account of the way networks facilitate or hinder knowledge. Distinguishing on-line information from disinformation can be difficult. This task can be greatly assisted by networks of trusted peers, but figuring out who to trust is itself a challenge. Identifying, designing, and facilitating networks of trust is therefore an urgent task. By using the tools of social epistemology, virtue epistemology, and network science, this project will identify how individuals should distribute their trust when embedded in epistemically hostile environments.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $300,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to deliver a new technique for cooling dilute ultracold gases, which are rapidly transitioning from a fundamental physics platform to a building block for quantum technology. This technique is measurement-based feedback cooling. Unlike the current evaporative methods, feedback cooling neither loses atoms, nor relies on elastic collisions or internal atomic structure. This opens up the possibility of directly cooling traditionally un-coolable systems. This project will expand the quality and range of available atomic sources, benefitting research into exotic materials, and improving precision sensor applications. Quantum sensors are rapidly reforming our image of what a sensor is and what it can do, offering unprecedented opportunities in sensor fusion, and directly impacting business opportunities in mineral exploration, mapping and navigation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $425,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study the fundamental processes governing interaction of ultrafast light pulses with an important class of ferroelectric materials. In particular, it will investigate the physics of light-induced ferroelectric domain reversal in various types of ferroelectrics. Project outcomes will lead to the development of a novel, ultrafast laser domain patterning technique for application in nonlinear photonics, optical memories, and photovoltaics. This technique will be employed to create the first example of three-dimensional domain patterns for versatile wave interactions. This project expects to expand Australia's knowledge in ultrafast laser engineering of materials and contribute towards its rapid uptake by industries, with great potential for commercialisation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $470,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop highly porous, transparent and electrically conducting networks of oxide nanoparticles for artificial photosynthesis applications. The majority of hydrogen is currently produced via natural gas reforming, a process that generates a significant carbon footprint due to the use of fossil fuels. This project will develop novel materials and fabrication methods to improve the efficiency of hydrogen production using clean and renewable solar energy. This project will contribute to development of technologies for the chemical storage of renewable energy, and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. This will have applications in the areas of optoelectronic devices, medical biosensors, and photocatalysis, offering downstream benefits for the society, the economy and the environment.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $320,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine why deposits of rare earth elements, which are critical for modern devices and technologies such as phones, tablets and plasma screens, are associated with carbonate magmas. The global supply of these critical metals is geopolitically unstable and, although Australia has significant reserves, there is very limited production. By improving our understanding of the geochemical behaviour of the rare earths this project aims to develop new reverse-engineering methods for their extraction, which will improve the security of supply of these elements and enhance Australia's role in high-tech industries.The project will enhance the profitability of the Australian resources sector through improved extraction economics and will secure the supply of these critical metals for Australian high-tech industries and export. The outcomes will be targeted initially at junior resource companies that are not yet profitable.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $270,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop advanced 3D computer vision and image processing technology that can turn regular cameras into high-precision location-sensing devices. Spatial Location is a fundamental type of information of our physical world. Determining the precise location of people, vehicle, and mobile devices is essential for many critical applications. Outcomes of the project will enable a wide range of novel applications of significant social, environmental and economic value, such as Location-Aware Service, Environment Monitoring, Augmented Reality, Autonomous Vehicle, and Rapid Emergency Response. The project will enhance Australia's international competitive advantage in forefront of ICT research and technology innovation.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $380,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new mathematical approaches to the theory of integrable systems to obtain exact solutions of various non-linear models of two-dimensional quantum field theory. The project is based on an unexpected correspondence between classical and quantum systems which provides a powerful method for describing physically interesting models of integrable quantum field theory. Expected outcomes include exact solutions to non-linear sigma-models which have important applications in many areas, including condensed matter physics, string and field theories and Riemannian geometry. The project expects to provide significant benefit to the advancement of knowledge in physics and mathematics.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $410,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine the electrical properties of dendrites in human neurons. Dendrites are the primary site of synaptic input to neurons and their electrical properties play a key role in information processing in the brain. While we know much about the electrical properties of dendrites in other species, primarily rodents, little is known about the electrical properties of human dendrites. This project aims to address this gap in knowledge for the first time. The results obtained will shed light on the mechanisms the brain uses to process information, and therefore will bring us a step closer to truly understanding ourselves.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $490,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to combine strengths of human cognition and evolutionary computing to efficiently solve problems which neither can do alone. The project will develop techniques combining advanced non-intrusive sensor measures of behaviour and emotional reaction in interaction tasks to enable high level computer support for human goal seeking, in complex data and design environments. This project will allow non-expert users to use tools normally requiring extensive training in settings where the user can 'see' when they get something they like but do not know how to instruct a computer system to show or do it. Applications of the project will include visualisation for bespoke manufacturing or for high dimensional data, generating abstract art, or improving teleconferencing systems.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to establish Australia's first Multiparameter Mapping Nanoelectrode Microscope (MMNM) platform. The improvement of electro/photo-catalytic nanodevice performance requires an understanding of the nanocatalysts fundamental electronic processes in practical reaction environments, and this is not achievable by standard (photo) electrochemical techniques. As Australias first MMNM facility, the project will establish an integrated domestic platform to provide powerful new electro/photo-catalysis nano tools for addressing globally-significant research challenges in fields such as climate-change, energy, environment and materials science. The proposed diverse research cooperation will expand new knowledge in materials science and engineering, help Australia to continue to deliver world-class research, and bring with it the potential for multiple economic benefits for Australia.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $376,358
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to fill a major gap in Australia's metabolic analytical infrastructure by making available an automated, high-resolution, two-dimensional gas chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer. In a collaborative effort to build a critical mass of cutting-edge metabolic analytical tools, this is expected to give Australia a world-leading edge in metabolic research. This project will enhance skills and capabilities of the Australian research community to enable the discovery of important biochemicals and molecular mechanisms and provide an unprecedented capacity to resolve complex metabolic samples, study the volatile metabolome, discover valuable new compounds and measure metabolic flows. Outputs are expected to inform the independent development of new technologies, commercial products and services, creating jobs and generating revenue while benefiting the agriculture, health and environmental sectors.
Approved 27 Nov 2018
Published 18 Dec 2018 $489,045
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new methods for the design of robust coherent controllers for emerging applications to quantum systems and networks. Using robust controllers which are themselves quantum systems, tools from the theory of optimal risk sensitive control aim to enable technological systems to be designed with high levels of performance in the face of unavoidable uncertainties due to imperfect fabrication and interactions with the environment. The research aims to yield systematic control engineering methods to combat the effects of quantum decoherence which is critical in order to make quantum technologies such as quantum computing truly practical. Applications include computing, secure communications, sensing and simulations
Approved 10 Feb 2021
Published 16 Feb 2021 $500,097
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address fundamental questions about the diversification of Australian species and to have practical and impactful outcomes. It will leverage previous ARC funded research on the phylogenomics of Australian reptiles and amphibians and apply sophisticated analytical tools for quantifying and evaluating biological diversity in multiple dimensions and in a phylogenetic context. The expected outcomes include a publicly accessible comprehensive database that will be integrated with the Atlas of Living Australia and rigorous testing of a series of hypotheses concerning how old and recent Australian groups evolved in response to biotic invasions and climate change.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $471,685
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to resolve the factors that lead to the mixing of species’ gene pools, with a focus on whether climate change will increase such mixing, possibly leading to extinction by genetic swamping. The significance is that the project would improve our understanding of speciation and species’ vulnerability to rapid climate change through genetic mixing; a largely overlooked process. Key outcomes would be to generate new knowledge of a fundamental evolutionary process and extend the toolbox of biodiversity managers facing rapid environmental change. The project would benefit Australia by highlighting our unique biodiversity and scientific capability, and by training early career researchers in advanced evolutionary biology.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $504,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This highly interdisciplinary project aims to establish new tools to analyse the structure and motions of proteins that are otherwise difficult to study. A combination of advanced biochemistry, modern magnetic spectroscopy methods, and high-performance computing techniques will be applied to study proteins at physiological concentrations and in complex environments. New techniques will be developed and tested on proteins of high biochemical or biomedical importance, and the approach will be applied to established drug targets.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $463,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to calculate and understand the physical properties of free parafermions. Parafermions have attracted interest in topological schemes for quantum computation because they are computationally more powerful than Majorana fermions. The core of this project is a fundamental model of free parafermions, which has been shown to exhibit unexplained puzzling properties. The project outcomes include an in-depth understanding of this model by taking the non-Hermitian features into account, establishing a connection with open quantum systems. Non-Hermitian systems are also of increasing relevance in physics, especially in quantum optics. The project also aims to contribute to training researchers in the mathematical sciences.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $310,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to produce evidence that can be used to address problem gambling in Australia. Problem gambling is a major issue, costing Australians over $4.7 billion per year. Better understanding of problem gambling and better policy coming from our project have the potential to significantly improve the lives of Australians--their labour market performance, their mental health and the quality of their relationships. This project will generate new knowledge by using a novel approach where problem gamblers are considered in the context of their families. Using quantitative data over more than 10 years, this project seeks to produce new evidence about how problem gamblers affect their families and how families help or harm gamblers.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $215,315
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose Ocean and sea ice models are used for predicting future ocean and climate states, and for climate process research. This project aims to bring the next generation of ocean-sea ice models to Australia and configure the models for our local priorities. The ultimate goal is to create a new coupled ocean-sea ice model for Australia that includes surface waves and biogeochemistry. The model will be optimised and evaluated on Australian facilities, and released for community use. These developments underpin future ocean state forecasts, sea ice forecasts, wave forecasts, decadal climate prediction and climate process studies. The project will benefit search and rescue, Defence and shipping operations, and will enhance future climate projections.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $1,161,512
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Current evidence suggests that humanitarian migrants settle less successfully than other immigrants both economically and socially. This project aims to examine the causal mechanisms and pathways to economic, sociocultural and political settlement outcomes of humanitarian migrants to Australia. This project expects to generate new knowledge in the area of humanitarian migrants’ settlement by using nationally representative data and cutting-edge longitudinal techniques.Expected outcomes include enhanced research capacity in causal methods, interdisciplinary and institutional collaborations, and evidence-based social policy for humanitarian migrants, significantly benefitting humanitarian migrants directly and society more broadly.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $368,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a range of complexes based around earth abundant metals that are capable of activating nitrogen (N2) at ambient pressure and temperature. The project expects to generate new knowledge in the area of organometallic chemistry, specifically with regards to molecular metal-metal bonding and subsequent reactivity towards the activation of nitrogen. The activation of atmospheric nitrogen is performed on a multi-million tonne scale each year and is key to a number of industrial processes. As such, investigations into new and improved catalysts for this process would potentially bring huge financial benefits to industry, as well as benefiting the environment by reducing energy demand and associated climate change.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $340,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to develop dual-ion electrochemical systems. In contrast to conventional single-ion rechargeable cells, the charge storage process in the cathodes of these devices is facilitated by a second, negative ion. Dual-ion systems represent robust alternatives to current lithium-ion batteries and lithium-ion capacitors, addressing their sustainability and energy density limitations. The project’s outcomes are in the form of new sustainable energy storage technologies with attrative energy and power densities for a wide range of applications. This should provide a significant benefit to society, the economy and the environment in enabling an easier transition to clean energy and ensuring energy security in Australia.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $420,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to enable autonomous robotic systems to operate more robustly and more reliably in the complex, cluttered and dynamic environments found in real-world applications. Applying the latest understanding of symmetry in non-linear systems and control provides tools that can be used to develop new design methodologies for spatial awareness algorithms. The outcomes of this project should increase Australia's capacity in high-tech systems and deliver world best open source code for spatial awareness problems to enable the next generation of automation in Australia.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $523,724
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how maternal contributions to offspring developmental environments affect metabolism, learning, growth, and survival of offspring. This project expects to provide mechanistic and evolutionary insights into how changes in metabolic function, brought about by changes in the developmental environment, contribute to variation in learning and life-history. Expected outcomes include an in-depth understanding of how changes in maternal investment and hormones impact offspring developing in different thermal environments and how such changes are mediated by compromised physiological function – providing significant benefits in understanding population persistence in Australia's rapidly changing climate.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $405,960
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate graph isomorphism, a fundamental problem in graph theory, using deep learning techniques. Solutions to graph isomorphism are in demand by researchers in many fields of science, such as biology, chemistry, computer science, and quantum computing. The project expects to advance knowledge about graph isomorphism and state-of-the-art methodologies for its applications. The expected outcomes include new theoretical insights on combinatorial structures of graphs, efficient heuristic techniques for (maximum) subgraph isomorphism, and structured representation learning. The project should provide significant benefits to research in a wide range of science fields, as well as many real-world applications.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $407,167
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine the changes in key floral volatile compounds underpinning pollination transitions, identify their molecular basis, and understand the ecological processes favouring reversals away from extreme specialisation. By focusing on pollination of sexually deceptive Australian orchids, this project would be the first to determine the molecular, chemical and behavioural basis of evolutionary reversals to more generalised strategies in a group of plants facing high risk of pollinator extinction. The expected outcome, a mechanistic understanding of how pollination transitions occur, would be internationally ground-breaking, and provide crucial insights to protect this diverse but highly threatened group of plants.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $427,250
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to improve methodological tools for calculating life expectancy for populations with mental or physical disorders in Australia as well as to determine gains and losses in terms of excess mortality. To achieve this goal innovative measures, which solve methodological previous shortcoming regarding different age at diagnosis will be applied. The expected outcomes of the project include precise figures of excess mortality related to mental and physical disorders. Significant benefits for future public policy-making will be gained by analysing excess mortality among individuals diagnosed mental or physical disorders, and cross-country comparisons using national linkage data.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $563,609
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This Project aims to elucidate the nature of nuclear vibrations. Evidence is mounting that nuclear excitations long identified as vibrations cannot truly be so. This shakes the foundations of nuclear theory. Coulomb excitation and transfer reaction experiments are to be developed to probe the structure of these quantum states. Expected outcomes include clarification of their true nature and a deeper understanding of why nuclei differ from other many-body quantum systems that do vibrate. Anticipated benefits include enduring methodologies to facilitate international research engagement, and rigorous hands-on training in nuclear methods, to help meet Australia’s need for nuclear-qualified personnel in health, mining, industry and security.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $679,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to achieve safer, faster, and cheaper 3D X-ray imaging through a technique known as ghost imaging. X-ray imaging provides valuable information about internal structures, however, X-rays are carcinogenic and exposure (or dose) should be limited. Ghost imaging is an unconventional technique developed with visible light that has many potential benefits over conventional imaging. This research group are world leaders in ghost imaging and expect to develop software and hardware techniques to realise its potential and extend it to ghost tomography. The focus of this project is on reducing cancer risk in medical imaging, and allowing real-time quality control for 3D printing in safety-critical industries such as aerospace.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $369,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to measure the high-temperature geochemical properties of the precious metals, which include gold, silver and the platinum group elements. The measurements are needed to quantify the partitioning of the precious metals between silicate melts and metal or sulfide, which would enable their distinctive geochemical properties to be applied to the testing of current hypotheses on how Earth formed, the composition of Earth's mantle through time, the relationship of Earth to the Moon, and the evolution of magmatic systems to form copper-gold deposits. The measurements have become feasible due to newly developed experimental and analytical methods, which avoid the problems that have bedevilled previous attempts.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $377,967
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to generate new knowledge on how government and non-government organisations can prevent poor health via their effective regulation of harmful commodity industries, specifically alcohol and highly-processed food. The significance of this project is its innovative approach to regulation, with a focus on engagement processes between state and non-state actors for the management of harmful commodities. Expected outcomes include improved methodologies in the field of health governance, and enhanced capacity among Partner organisations to engage effectively with different industries. These outcomes should benefit health policy prevention goals.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $531,764
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose A solution for improving crop yield is to enhance the carbon dioxide fixation properties of the enzyme Rubisco whose inefficient activity often limits plant growth. This project makes use of new synthetic biology capabilities to artificially evolve Rubisco in the laboratory and select for new versions with improved performance. These beneficial changes will be introduced into crop Rubisco using targeted gene editing approaches and the improvements in photosynthesis, growth and yield evaluated. This information will aid complimentary biotechnological efforts seeking to supercharge photosynthesis and help deliver the second Green Revolution needed to meet the improvement required in future agriculture productivity and resource use.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $561,428
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a suite of novel algorithms and enabling technologies for service provisioning of the Internet of Things (IoT) applications in mobile edge computing (MEC). This project will develop performance-guaranteed algorithms and core technologies for IoT service provisioning through effective cost modelling. The project expects to lay theoretical foundations, discover key principles and generate new knowledge for IoT service provisioning in MEC. The expected outcome of the project is a suite of solutions to the myriad of IoT services in MEC including e-Health and autonomous vehicles. This project should also develop key fundamental technologies to improve Australia's standing in the international research community.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address a big challenge in nanophotonics by developing revolutionary methods for efficient chiral sensing of molecules without the need for spectrometry, frequency scanning, or moving mechanical parts, and to enhance chiroptical signals a hundredfold with the help of metasurface structures. Resonant metasurfaces are arrays of engineered dielectric nanoparticles with extraordinary characteristics, and they would allow to overcome current limitations of chiral sensing analytical tools. Detecting chiral molecules in low concentrations is crucially important to many fields of biology, chemistry, and pharmacy, as well as to the food and cosmetics industries, constituting a market of tens of billions of dollars.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $673,399
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The aim of this project is to investigate the evolution of social norms, and their causal role in social life and its breakdown. It expects to generate new knowledge in this area through the application of new formal techniques to existing hypotheses; especially causal analysis, evolutionary game theory, and phylogenetic cross-cultural testing for empirically plausibility. Expected outcomes include theory development, improved research infrastructure and training in collaboration with international partners, and theoretical recommendations for policy intervention. This should allow greater insight and control over the levers of peaceful social life, both in traditional societies, and in large, open, multi-cultural nations like Australia.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $241,890
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project investigates the impacts of security mapping and the use of specific color-codes by United Nations peacekeeping operations when assessing risks. It will for the first time trace the origins of United Nations security mapping practices and compare key case studies: Afghanistan (green zone), Somalia (white zone), South Sudan and Kenya (blue zones) and Haiti (red and yellow zones). Expected outcomes include better understanding of how policy-makers assess risks on the ground, how security maps are drafted and modified across time, as well as an understanding of the meanings given to specific color-codes. The findings expect to benefit Australian and other policy makers seeking to design better security interventions.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $346,197
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a new methodology to study trends in inequality in Australia. It expects to advance the body of knowledge by measuring inequality in living standards over the whole lifetime and by identifying the role of the Australian fiscal system in redistributing lifetime resources across households and generations. This new approach would help clarify the potential bias embedded in commonly used inequality indicators based on current-year income. Its findings expect to provide new insights into how the gains from economic growth have been shared among Australians. It should also offer policy options for designing a better tax and transfer system that would sustain economic prosperity and fairness in Australia.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $219,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop the technology to connect superconducting quantum computers to the future quantum internet: an optical interconnect. Superconducting qubits are a leading quantum computing system, but their practical use is limited by their microwave operation frequency, as global quantum networks will operate at optical frequencies. This project aims to solve this problem by converting the microwave photons that carry superconducting quantum information to optical photons. To achieve high efficiency the project will investigate magnetically ordered rare-earth crystals, which uniquely possess the strong optical and microwave coupling required, to build a converter that could greatly enhance the capabilities of quantum computers.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $515,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Peptides and proteins are increasingly important therapies for the treatment of disease. Nevertheless, the synthesis and optimisation of these high-value compounds still relies primarily on technologies developed decades ago. There is a desperate need for modern strategies to unlock the full potential of peptides and proteins for diverse applications in drug discovery. This interdisciplinary research aims to develop new tools for the construction and modification of peptides and proteins by harnessing the energy in a unique class of strained molecules. A focus on peptide-based inhibitors of the proteasome, a critical target for modern cancer treatments, should provide future health and economic benefits for the Australian community.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $380,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to uncover the determinants of successful careers of elected and non-elected political elites. The project expects to generate new knowledge about elite career paths (politicians, political staff, media, interest group personnel and bureaucrats), examine the impact of political elites on the quality of government, and whether this has changed over time. The project should provide significant benefits to academics via theoretical development of processes driving careers progression and establishing Australia as a benchmark case facilitating future international collaboration. It hopes to enhance the capacity of citizens and policy makers to assess the overall effectiveness of governance and the regulation of political life.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $350,480
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Declining public support is one of the greatest challenges to democracy. In 2019, Australia recorded the lowest level of trust in politics on record. This project aims to understand the reasons for declining political trust and satisfaction with democracy in Australia. The project hopes to field the 2022-25 Australian Election Study to address these issues by surveying a representative sample of voters following the 2022 and 2025 Australian federal elections, in addition to continuing a longitudinal survey started in 2016. The project wants to add to an unbroken series of publicly available data on Australian political behaviour since 1987, while also producing new insights into how individual opinions change over time.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $443,218
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to result in improved knowledge and community acknowledgement of sexual violence against children in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and an approach that could be adapted and adopted in other low income, fragile contexts. It is a very significant project because sexual violence against children is a widespread and escalating social problem, with a very limited capacity to respond to reported incidents. Working closely with two specialist services to trial and assess a low-cost approach, the project is expected to result in longer-term support for child survivors and their families, and reduce further victimisation and offending. The potential benefits are multiple and far ranging, in PNG and in the Pacific region more broadly.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $468,434
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate a new layer of genomic control mediated not by DNA but instead by chemical modifications found on the cell's working copies of genetic information called messenger RNA. The investigations will use cutting-edge RNA sequencing technology and the fruit fly model organism to uncover the scope and mechanisms by which such modifications enact their roles at the molecular level and within the body plan of an animal. Expected outcomes include novel molecular tools and models that will assist in understanding and manipulating the function of genomes. Such knowledge should provide benefits in developing innovative biotechnology applications of use in human health, agriculture and managing the environment.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $746,020
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to better understand plant transpiration. It is significant from both a basic and a practical perspective. It intends to solve a conundrum of the biophysics of the evaporative sites within leaves. That is, in dry air, the relative humidity of intercellular air spaces suggests much lower liquid water potentials than those typically measured. At a practical level, the failure to sustain transpiration in dry conditions leads to desiccation and tissue death, and plants differ in this vulnerability. The aim is to apply a novel nanoparticle technique to measure the water potential distribution within the leaf, identify hydraulic resilience attributes, and develop a modern theory of optimal transpiration under varying conditions.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $481,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This year sees the highly anticipated return of the Hayabusa2 spacecraft to Woomera carrying samples of the asteroid Ryugu. This is only the fifth extraterrestrial sample return mission in history. The research team has been invited to participate in the preliminary examination which will take place in Japan in early 2021. The investigators have developed unique analytical skills that allow measurement of small amounts of rock for oxygen isotope compositions at unprecedented precision. This project aims to characterise a suite of carbonaceous chondrites, which appear to be the best match to Ryugu, and therefore will provide the exemplar data to understand the provenance of Ryugu, and place it in the context of solar system materials.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $450,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose We aim to investigate computer vision training data and test data, using automatically generated data sets for facial expression recognition and object re-identification. This project expects to quantify and understand the domain gap, the distribution difference between training and test data sets. Expected outcomes of this project are insights on measuring the domain gap, the ability to estimate model performance without accessing expensive test labels and improvements to system generalisation. This should provide significant benefits for computer vision applications that currently require expensive labelling, and commercial and economic benefits across sectors such as transportation, security and manufacturing.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $506,671
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose This project aims to examine the role and effectiveness of smartphone apps in supporting families to respond to the many challenges of post-separation co-parenting. In an increasingly digital landscape where poor app choices can have serious consequences for families, this knowledge is urgently needed by parents and family law practitioners. This project expects to deliver a comprehensive understanding of the benefits and risks of digital divorce apps. Expected outcomes include the first web-based decision-making tool to help separated parents make important decisions about managing post-separation communication. This should provide significant benefits, including a reduced risk of parental conflict and better outcomes for children.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $207,822
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to provide a high-resolution archaeological record of ritual mobility by examining a Torres Strait Islander initiation pathway. The project is expected to generate new knowledge about human movement and improve public understanding of Indigenous peoples connection with country. Anticipated outcomes of the multi-disciplinary and community-led research include the first detailed record of ancient ritual mobility in northern Australia and development of a web-based system to transfer archival information between cultural institutions and remote communities. This should provide significant benefits and assist Meriam people to engage with their cultural heritage and expand public knowledge about Indigenous forms of mobility.
Approved 11 Dec 2020
Published 15 Dec 2020 $342,871
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose Contact resistivity and parasitic resistance have been identified as limiting factors in the performance of next-generation semiconductor devices. This project aims to understand these limitations and to develop methods to mitigate them through the application of advanced ion implantation processing. Specifically, this will involve: investigating the effect of selective doping on electrical properties of metal-semiconductor interfaces; determining how ultra-shallow dopant profiles are affected by device structure and processing; and developing improved methods for measuring ultra-low contact resistivity. The research will be undertaken as a collaboration between researchers at the Australian National University and Applied Materials Ltd.
Approved 08 Apr 2020
Published 14 Apr 2020 $307,440
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The project aims to increase the yield of molecular negative ion sources by improving our understanding of the formation of ion beams from plasma sources and expand our knowledge of molecular negative ion generation in plasma environments leading to brighter ion beams. For example, understanding cancer requires cellular level tools to map how cells are changing. These maps are made using ion beams which are scanned across cells to remove material that is analysed at the atomic and molecular level. Ion beams are produced from plasma sources, but much of their operation is not understood. Such improved ion beams are expected to enable inexpensive and fast cellular level pathology at even small hospitals to tackle cancer for societys benefit.
Approved 08 Apr 2020
Published 14 Apr 2020 $350,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Purpose Support Natural Resources Trust Fund
Approved 01 Apr 2019
Published 12 Jun 2019 $613,850
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Purpose National Landcare Program- Building Landcare Community and Capacity Grants
Approved 01 Apr 2019
Published 12 Jun 2019 $5,316,150
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the missing millennium – a significant gap in our understanding of the arrival of food producing populations into northern Vietnam between 5000 and 4000 years ago, before their expansion across the rest of Mainland Southeast Asia. Substantial new insights will include information on cultural development and population ancestry, an enhanced archaeological chronology, and details of the subsistence economies of both farmers and hunter-gatherers in the region. Significant benefits are expected in understanding the population history behind modern Southeast Asia, especially Vietnam.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $334,275
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to transform our understanding of the relationship between root architecture and water and nitrogen acquisition, factors critical to determining yield. We have discovered that mutants affected in a peptide hormone receptor have unique root architectural features relevant to acquiring water and nitrogen. The mutants are drought tolerant and their roots are nitrate insensitive. The project aims to define the receptor’s genetic outputs and expects to uncover new ways to improve water and nitrate acquisition and determine if our findings apply to crops. The application of these findings will reduce the severe environmental damage caused by poor nitrogen fertiliser uptake and provide sustainable ways to ensure food security.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $530,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Our study investigates the widespread phenomena of community rule-making in Pacific Island countries, in which local communities engage in deliberative processes oriented towards development of new normative orders. Occurring largely outside of state-sanctioned authority, such processes may address social problems such as gender based violence, crime and poverty, and frequently occur in the context of other locally-driven attempts at community regeneration. Through collaborative empirical research in PNG, Solomon Islands and Samoa, our project will build an evidence base to better understand the potential and the dangers of community rule-making, and develop responsive hybridisation as a new analytical framework to theorise about it.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $589,290
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to track the trajectories of older workers psychological contracts that shape their give-and-take with the organisation. Little is understood about how these psychological contracts change as older workers continue to pursue work through their fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth decades of life. This project tracks older workers over intensive, repeated in-depth interviews and a large-scale longitudinal panel study. The outcomes fill significant gaps in our understanding of older workers needs and orientation toward work, and identify the age-related changes and organisational practices that spur older workers to sustain a strong trajectory of productive participation in the workforce.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $310,200
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new methods and software to infer the evolutionary history of organisms using genomic data. These new phylogenomic methods need to take account of the complexity of evolutionary processes and/or patterns in time (along the evolutionary tree) and space (along the genome). This project is significant because these methods must merge mathematics and statistics with High-Performance Computing to handle the huge quantities of genetic data and the complexity of evolution itself. An important expected outcome of this project will be the development and release of freely-available software that incorporates these new methods. This project expects to benefit scientists who need to infer phylogenies from genomic data.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $422,697
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to revise the Euro-American-centric understanding of the history of international relations by incorporating the case of the first non-Euro-American modern power, Japan, and developing theory that internalises colonialism. Benefits to Australia and beyond include gaining a more historically accurate knowledge of this history, greater insights into the impact of this dominant understanding on the actions of non-Euro-American powers, and enhanced sensitivity of policy-makers and practitioners to their schemes to post-colonial societies. This revised history could also benefit general public debates on rethinking measures for dealing with issues arising from the diversity within Australian society and internationally.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $202,348
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The transition to wider use of robotics and artificial intelligence may eventually make our citizens better off, yet effects on domestic income and wealth inequality remain uncertain, depending strongly on general governance and macroeconomic policy regimes. This project would help clarify income inequality effects, both abroad and in Australia, through (i) new numerical theory from calibrated economic models at the global and national levels; (ii) econometric testing of results from global and national data; (iii) the use of emerging insights to analyse economic policy responses and their global interaction as well as the implications for Australian economic policy
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $500,853
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to strengthen biodiversity conservation using evolutionary biology. By using new DNA sequencing technologies the project aims to reconstruct the evolutionary history of the diverse and ecologically important plant family Proteaceae. This will be used to discover how past environmental changes have produced the biodiversity we see today, and forecast likely future changes to biodiversity under expected rapid environmental change. The key outcome will be a new methodology for a predictive, forward-looking conservation science that accounts explicitly for the dynamic, evolving nature of biodiversity. The key benefit will be a more robust scientific basis for strategic allocation of limited conservation resources.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine the biological, cultural and environmental factors underpinning the Polynesian people through a study of their ancient homeland in Tonga. Early Polynesian society developed 2650-2350 years ago, but little is known about the people, their culture and how sea-level fall impacted subsistence and settlement. The proposed studys goal is to fill this gap in human knowledge about our Pacific neighbours using a unique skeletal assemblage, excavated cultural remains and advanced mapping of palaeo-sea-level markers that will improve understanding of the impact of environmental change on human societies in our region.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $445,850
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project will re-conceptualise heritage from a standpoint of reconciliation. In doing so, it will generate new understandings about how heritage and its management can contribute to reconciliation processes. The project will combine Aboriginal, Maori and Western intellectual traditions in order to advance theoretical understandings of heritage and to examine its reconstructive power. It will produce models for practical implementation, including new conservation and management protocols. The project's investigation of a new approach to heritage has the potential for profound social benefit.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $371,400
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project addresses the interaction dynamics of high-flux helium particles with materials that drives surface nanowire growth. These dynamics are important to nuclear reactor materials and to developing new nanotechnology materials for high energy density lithium-ion battery anodes and water splitting catalysts. Through model and experiment, this project expects to generate new knowledge of processes that drive sub-surface nano-bubble formation and surface nanowire growth in materials exposed to helium particles. This project will result in improved understanding of material degradation during nuclear reactor operation and will make a new contribution to high-value manufacturing capabilities for next generation energy systems.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $405,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to explain recurring international economic instability. While global orders spanning the Classical Gold Standard, Keynesian Bretton Woods institutions, and contemporary Neoliberal order each provided key sources of stability, each also yielded to crises in the 1930s Great Depression, the 1970s Great Stagflation, and the Global Financial Crisis. To explain such instability, this project advances an innovative constructivist argument that ideas which initially enable policymakers to restrain market excesses can over time obscure new sources of instability. Over case studies of these crises, this project will produce high quality publications and contribute to debate over national interests in an era of populist challenge.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $204,163
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The Yolngu peoples land and sea Country in north-east Arnhem Land is densely named, as a consequence of the actions of ancestral beings who gave shape to Country and to Yolngu society in place. Placenames are sung in ceremony, and passed down through the generations as personal names. This project aims to document the placenames of two Yolngu regions and explore what they tell us about Yolngu society as a system that has been in place for thousands of years. In consultation with Yolngu, it aims to create an interactive map and database archive to which Yolngu historians can add in the future, providing significant benefits for a community for who consider these names to be central to their identity and wellbeing - past, present and future.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $930,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to explore how the protest era of the 1960s in Western Europe transformed into a decade of political violence and terror in the 1970s. By undertaking an unprecedented transnational analysis of the history of political violence in France, Italy and West Germany after 1968, the project intends to generate a new understanding of the origins of home-grown terrorism in Europe and the precariousness of democratic stability. The project aims to place the rise and fall of political terror in a new perspective, via an analysis of a wide variety of forms of violence by individuals, political groups, social movements and states, with significant benefits to understanding similar challenges in the contemporary world.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $135,345
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to demonstrate semiconductor nanowire based infrared avalanche photodetectors (APDs) with ultra-high sensitivity towards single photon detection. By employing the advantages of their unique one-dimensional nanoscale geometry, the nanowire APDs can be engineered to different device architectures to achieve performance superior to their conventional counterparts. It is expected that this project will make significant contributions to the development of next generation high performance, fast speed, small size and low cost infrared photodetector technology platform enabling numerous emerging fields in modern transportation, communication, quantum computation and information processing to revolutionise our life and society.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $480,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project will prototype a new type of visible and infrared light interferometry: telescopes freely moving in a line 10s of metres in length and directing their light towards a central beam combiner. This is particularly well suited to sparse aperture optical interferometry from space, which can be used to resolve angular scales much finer than the world's largest monolithic telescopes. The ground based prototype will also be able to make a several key astrophysical observations of benchmark stars and stellar systems, including making precise polarimetric measurements of dust shells around bright stars.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $436,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project seeks to resolve the question of whether the mid-15th century eruption of Kuwae in Vanuatu can be confirmed as one of the largest global volcanic and climatic events of the last 2000 years. Through archival, field and laboratory research, an experienced transdisciplinary team from archaeology, volcanology and history aims to conduct collaborative research over three seasons in central Vanuatu. Project goals include dating the eruptive event, defining its scale, reconstructing Kuwaes local social and environmental conditions prior to and after the eruption, and developing practical volcanic risk reduction strategies together with local communities and authorities in Vanuatu.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $328,788
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a methodology for integrating the algorithms of 3D Vision Geometry and Optimization into the framework of Machine Learning and demonstrate the wide applicability of the new methods on a variety of challenging fundamental problems in Computer Vision. These include 3D geometric scene understanding, and estimation and prediction of human 2D/3D pose and activity. Applications of this technology are to be found in Intelligent Transportation, Environment Monitoring, and Augmented Reality, applicable in smart-city planning and medical applications such as computer-enhanced surgery. The goal is to build Australia's competitive advantage in the forefront of ICT research and technology innovation.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to build knowledge about exceptional, but poorly-documented, Aboriginal objects from Sydney and NSW coast (c. 1770-1920s) in British and European museums. These objects have not been accessible to Aboriginal communities and other researchers. This project proposes a major innovation: to bring objects to Sydney for community-led and interdisciplinary interpretation. Outcomes will include strong relations between Aboriginal communities and overseas museums; a model for collaborative research about historic objects; and a material history of Aboriginal/colonial relations. It benefits communities, governments and museums by laying robust foundations for future projects seeking the return of Indigenous cultural heritage.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $485,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop enabling technologies to provide reliable and seamless services in mobile edge computing environments. This project will develop advanced algorithms with performance guarantees and efficient mechanisms for such service provisioning. The project expects to lay theoretical foundations and generate new knowledge for the provisioning of reliability-aware and mobility-aware services in mobile edge computing. The expected outcome of the project is a set of solutions to the myriad of services relying on mobile edge computing including e-Health, autonomous vehicles, and Internet of Things. This project will develop key fundamental technologies to improve Australias standing in the international research community.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $396,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to study why Australia differs from its OECD peers in that it has not had a recession for 27 years. It intends to generate knowledge by using economic models to solve 3 puzzles relating to Australias success: (i) why did foreign financial market shocks not spill over to the economy'; (ii) how has the resource curse that affects economies with a booming resource sector been avoided'; and (iii) what makes Australia special' Expected outcomes include the development of theoretical and empirical models that reflect the unique features of the Australian economy. This should provide significant benefits, including guidance to Australian and international policymakers on macroeconomic policies for resource-rich countries.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $208,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The majority of our genome is converted to an extensive network of non-protein-coding RNA molecules (ncRNAs), but the function of these ncRNAs is unknown. This project aims to identify and determine the mechanism of action of nuclear ncRNA networks with a particular focus on nuclear ncRNAs that form RNA-DNA hybrids with the genomic DNA. These studies have the potential to lead to ground-breaking discoveries in our understanding of genome organisation and the mechanism of transcription control, and might provide an entirely new tool-box to manipulate genome function. This should provide significant benefits to efforts to develop innovative biotechnology and genome editing technologies in plants and animals.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $500,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to transform our understanding of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in legume root nodules. Root nodulation sustainably fixes sizeable amounts of nitrogen to boost crop production worldwide yet its utilisation is waning in favour of using nitrogen fertilisers. The project applies cutting-edge tools to define how two hormone systems boost and limit nitrogen fixation, respectively. The project expects to reveal ways to reconfigure these hormone outputs to improve nodule number and the efficacy of nitrogen fixation. The findings will benefit agriculture by reducing the reliance on costly nitrogen fertilisers, thus mitigating the huge environmental damage they cause, and will provide more sustainable ways to ensure food security.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $465,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance understanding of the Australia-Pacific plate boundary - the Macquarie Ridge Complex - in the Southern Ocean. It will be the first study to elucidate the processes generating the world's largest submarine earthquakes not associated with active subduction, which may lead to understanding of how subduction initiates, the mechanism of earthquakes occurring at convergent margins, and more accurate estimates of earthquake and tsunami potential. This study will put Australia at the forefront of Earth Science research into the evolution of tectonic plates and has the potential to better inform hazard assessment efforts in the region, benefiting policy-makers and at-risk communities along the Australia coastline.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $626,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project will be the first to investigate the global commercial trade in Indigenous human remains. It will employ a multi-disciplinary approach involving history, economic anthropology, economic history, and data science. The project will generate new knowledge about the 19th century global marketplace in Australian Indigenous human remains, and will reveal whether and how these are involved in the trades modern manifestations from 1950 to the present. The project will uncover an unknown history, assist repatriation practice, provide information to help reduce the modern trade, and contribute to truth-telling as a precondition of healing and reconciliation.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $748,829
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to identify how financial market regulators might best incentivise financial institutions to shift from high to low carbon investments, thereby mitigating climate change. It expects to generate new knowledge identifying regulatory excellence in previously uncharted territory and to enable best practice policymaking. Its expected outcomes will be to identify the central roles that the design and implementation of regulation can play in fast tracking finance for climate action. Its benefits should include advancing climate change mitigation, facilitating the development of Australia as a competitive sustainable finance market and contributing to Australias research on achieving a desirable energy future.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $430,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to overcome the scientific and technological challenges preventing soil water and vegetation forecasting at useful land management scales (eg. 25 m). The significance is in enabling an unprecedented hyperresolution modelling capability for Australia through the integration of new ecohydrological theory with a range of satellite observations. Outcomes include more accurate, spatially-detailed information of current soil water amounts, and reliable forecasts of vegetation condition several months into the future. This will greatly enhance timely decision making and forward planning by farmers, fire agencies, and other land and water managers, with corresponding increases in productivity, sustainability and community safety.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $361,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to deliver a comprehensive, integrated understanding of the capacity for resilience and drivers of response of highly vulnerable alpine species and communities to climate change. The project aims to determine how communities of interacting alpine plants, soil invertebrates and microbes can cope with or evolve to novel climatic conditions. The mountains are water towers critical to power supply and Australia's agricultural productivity. Understanding physiological tolerance and the potential for rapid evolutionary responses of plants, animals and communities is necessary to predict impacts of climate change on the future productivity of the vulnerable Australian Alps and to provide novel options for climate adaptation.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $478,077
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a new generation flat screen that is lighter, more efficient and with higher resolution by replacing the traditional liquid crystals (LCs) with metasurfaces that are 100-times thinner than LCs. Metasurfaces are arrays of engineered dielectric and semiconductor nanoparticles, with extraordinary characteristics. The expected outcomes will lead to flat screens with resolution enhanced by 100 times and energy consumption reduced by half, as compared to current LC-based displays (e.g. LCD and LED). This novel technology will revolutionise the dimension and performance of displays and secure Australia's position in the billion dollar market of flat displays.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $450,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Antiparticles and antimatter have progressed from theory and science fiction to become an important and exciting area of pure and applied science. This fundamental atomic physics project aims to further study how antimatter and matter interact by providing the first comprehensive experimental results for the interaction of positrons (the electron anti-particle) with trapped rubidium atoms in an innovative combination of two cutting-edge atomic physics techniques. It aims to provide measurements of many fundamental interaction quantities and for collisions between matter and antimatter. This will look to test the latest quantum theoretical approaches and further our understanding of the uses of antimatter in medical and materials science.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $582,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Industrial applications of coordination complexes in catalysis reduce energy input and environmental impact but almost exclusively involve classical donors such as nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur and phosphorus. Boron, whilst prevalent and environmentally benign, is under-utilised in such applications, in part due to the high reactivity of the metal boron bond. This research will seek to tame and then exploit the unique features of boron within pincer ligand frameworks in metal coordination complexes, with particular attention focusing on, but not limited to catalytic alkyne metathesis.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $420,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The rapidly growing demands of information processing have launched a race for compact optical devices transmitting signals without losses. Topological phases of light provides unique opportunities to create new photonic systems with functionalities and efficiencies well beyond current capabilities. This project aims to develop new ways to generate and guide light at the nanoscale by merging fundamental concepts of nonlinear photonics and topological physics. The outcomes of this project will result in experimental demonstration of the world-first, highly efficient, compact, and lossless nonlinear photonic devices for advanced optical technologies.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $550,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project addresses the urgency in long-term infrastructure planning to understand the long-term "equilibrium" sea-level-change consequences from todays exceptionally rapid climate change. Understanding this requires detailed sea-level reconstructions back to warm periods with similar CO2 levels to today (~3.5 million years ago), but these remain insufficiently defined. To advance, the project will deliver a next-generation, multi-million-year sea-level reconstruction that includes dynamically evolving (time-dependent) interactions between critical climate factors. This will then be applied with other palaeoclimate data to reconstruct equilibrium relationships between sea level, temperature, and CO2 at currently unattainable precision.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $449,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The Monge-Ampere equation is a premier fully nonlinear partial differential equation with significant applications in geometry, physics and applied science. Building upon breakthroughs made by the proposers in previous grant research, this project aims to resolve challenging problems involving Monge-Ampere type equations and applications. The project goal is to establish new regularity theory and classify singularity profile for solutions to Monge-Ampere type equation arising in applied sciences, by introducing new ideas and developing innovative cutting-edge techniques. Expected outcomes include resolution of outstanding open problems and continuing enhancement of Australian leadership and expertise in a major area of mathematics.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $400,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine the sensitivity of the seismic properties of Earths upper mantle (to 400 km depth) to variations in the prevailing chemical environment. The unique capability of the ANU Rock Physics Laboratory for low-frequency measurement of wave speeds and attenuation will be exploited to clarify the newly discovered importance of redox conditions, and document the effect of varying proportions of the most abundant upper-mantle minerals olivine and pyroxene. The expected outcome will be a robust and comprehensive model to guide the interpretation of the complex architecture of the upper mantle, and thereby provide an improved understanding of the tectonic processes responsible for its evolution through geological time.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $252,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Magnetic rock-forming minerals can record important information about Earths magnetic field and climatic changes. In rock magnetism, we seek to quantify magnetic property variations in geological materials. Existing quantification methods are limited and provide bulk characterisation of all magnetic particles in a material rather than diagnostic information concerning individual mineral components. This Project aims to develop a machine-learning framework to unmix and quantify each magnetic mineral component in single natural samples, and will unlock a new quantitative era in rock magnetism. It is expected to have impact beyond Earth science by enabling magnetic characterisation in physics, materials science, and industry.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $424,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop audio technology to enable unmanned aerial vehicles or drones to hear, use speech and sound to communicate with humans, acoustically sense their surroundings and make them less noisy. This project expects to generate new knowledge in acoustic signal processing and its application in drones using innovative approaches, such as use of miniature microphone and loudspeaker arrays, and active noise control. Expected outcomes include development of new theories, Intellectual Property, with potential commercial value, and training of next generation researchers. This should provide significant benefits with applications in life saving, search and rescue operations, transportation of goods, and creation of 3D media.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $420,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to characterise and quantify the quantum energy levels crucial in determining the mass and energy distributions of nuclear fission products, which recent results show are far from understood. Combining new techniques and concepts, distributions will be measured down to the fission barrier energies, maximising sensitivity to quantum effects. The project exploits newly enhanced Australian accelerator infrastructure, world-best detector capabilities, and the latest findings in reactions of light cluster nuclei. The results will test new high-profile quantum many-body predictions and guide fundamental model developments, with implications ranging from future energy to understanding production of heavy elements in the universe.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $450,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop new chemical methods and polymers inspired by nature. Enzymes are natures catalysts: they recognise a substrate and bind with it to provide the optimal environment for a reaction. However, they are easily degraded, limiting their industrial use. This project aims to develop new, highly stable polymer designs that can perform similar functions. This will be achieved by using polymer and supramolecular chemistry to control the reaction environment, in combination with computational techniques to explore observed reactivity and guide nanoenvironment design. Expected outcomes include new polymers and materials capable of controlling a range of reactions and expanding the scope of bioinspired polymer design.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $420,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand how socially marginalised Thai gay men and transgenders draw on Buddhist healing traditions as alternative and complementary therapies in dealing with HIV/AIDS and other health emergencies. Through case studies undertaken in several culturally diverse Thai regions, this project expects to provide comparative insight into the intersections of religion and health in Asian societies suffering HIV epidemics and among Asian migrant communities in Australia. Expected outcomes include enhanced approaches to HIV education among vulnerable minority communities in Thailand and other Southeast Asian societies as well as among Asian gay men in Australia, whose recourse to alternative therapies is poorly understood.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $358,294
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Attributions of fake news and post-truth are symptoms of uncertainty arising from conflicting information. Little is known about human responses to conflictive uncertainty other than that people find it aversive. This project aims to identify the determinants of human attitudes towards conflictive uncertainty. The aims will be achieved via the development of measures of attitudes toward conflictive uncertainty, and studies identifying the major influences thereof. Expected outcomes include advances in knowledge of how conflictive uncertainty attitudes relate to risk orientations, personality, and situational factors. Anticipated benefits include improved strategies for decision makers and communicators faced with conflictive uncertainty.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $293,141
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Parasites impose a major economic and medical burden on human societies. In order to grow and reproduce, parasites scavenge nutrients from their animal or human hosts. As they move within and between hosts they encounter different levels of nutrients; how they adapt to these differences is poorly understood. This project aims to investigate the mechanisms by which the model parasite Toxoplasma senses and responds to the nutrients in its environment, thereby shedding light on how they adapt to the different environments that they inhabit and, in the longer term, informing novel treatment strategies that aim to limit the parasites nutrient supply.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $460,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose High temperature gases move from Earth's interior to the atmosphere at volcanoes, but little is known about how they react. Recent work shows that exceptionally rapid reactions occur between hot gases and the surfaces of solids. These reactions are instrumental in forming ore deposits. The proposed work aims to apply state-of-the-art chemical analysis of natural samples and investigate gas-solid reactions experimentally to determine how chemical elements, including metals, are distributed in these reactions. The study seeks to create robust geochenmical models for understanding geochemical and ore-forming processes. Improved understanding of ore deposition will enhance the long-term viability of Australia's metals sector.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $497,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Fusarium wilt is a devastating disease of many important crop plants, including banana, cotton and tomato. There are significant gaps in our understanding of this disease that need to be addressed to enable better disease management. This project aims to identify and analyse tomato proteins targeted by Fusarium effector proteins (virulence factors), determine how corresponding tomato receptors (resistance proteins) recognise these effectors, and identify the signalling pathways and critical defence responses activated by these receptors. The intention is to close the gaps in our understanding and use the knowledge gained to develop new strategies for disease control by interfering with fungal pathogenicity and enhancing plant resistance.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $360,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Rust diseases threaten global food security. This cross-institutional project aims to discover how proteins secreted by rust fungi promote disease following their translocation into plant cells. It will use the interaction between flax and the flax rust fungus as a powerful model system to test the hypothesis that manipulation of host RNA metabolism is a fundamental mechanism underpinning rust pathogenesis. This research is intended to dramatically improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms used by rust fungi to establish infection. The knowledge gained is expected to facilitate the development of new strategies for rust disease management in food crops by identifying pathogenic processes that can be targeted for intervention.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $460,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Rapid and accurate quantification of live biological fluid properties at sub-cellular and molecular levels forms the bedrock of biofluidic sciences. Majority of the biofluidic devices rely on quantifying biological fluids after its removal from the body in an in vitro Flow Cytometer (FC). FC faces many caveats i.e. biological degradation and small volume etc. In this project, we shall engineer the first in vivo 5D imaging flow cytometer (5D IFC) capable of continuous assessment of potentially entire blood volume in a living mice without removing fluid out of the body. The project represents a major advancement beyond any existing flow cytometer and overcome the engineering limits of state-of-art laser scanning imaging devices.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $470,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy methods in the field of drug discovery. It addresses a long-standing bottleneck for medicinal chemists in drug development: the rapid determination of how ligand molecules bind to proteins, where they bind and their orientation in the binding site. The methods include techniques for the attachment of NMR tags to ligands and target proteins, installation of new unnatural amino acids in proteins, and software for automated assignment of NMR spectra and 3D structure modelling of proteins using sparse distance restraints measured by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The outcome is to benefit the early stages of drug discovery in the biotech industries.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $526,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The aim of this project is to characterise modifications to the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis of simple, single cell organisms that live under harsh environmental conditions including: i) elevated temperature; ii) low, variable and low energy (red) light; iii) arid and variable hydration; and iv) chemical stress e.g. low pH. In a changing biosphere brought about by anthropological climate change, a better understanding of existing adaptions of bacterial photosynthetic organisms may allow more resilient crops and other essential plants to be developed in the future. The project brings together an international consortium of world renowned experts across key aspects of photosynthesis.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $390,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to resolve critical, bottleneck issues in the development of photocatalysis and photoelectrochemistry - key technologies towards the realisation of a sustainable carbon-neutral society. This project expects to use an innovative strain-engineering approach establishing a built-in electric field within materials for highly efficient separation and transport of photoexcited carriers. Expected outcomes of this project are to create new, ground-breaking materials and/or nanosystems that overcome intrinsic weakness of conventional semiconductors and significantly improve their photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical performance, for the benefit of the utilisation of solar and light energy in energy, environment and health.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $520,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop novel mathematical frameworks for probabilistic geophysical imaging and inference, building on recent advances in statistics and machine learning. These will allow us to obtain a more detailed and robust understanding of structures and processes occurring within the Earth, including those relevant to the Australian minerals and/or energy industries. Outcomes of this research include mathematical and computational tools for imaging the subsurface, and greater understanding of Australian and global geoscience. This work can permit more effective exploitation of earth resources, as well as improving our understanding of how the Earth system has developed over geological history.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $399,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to uncover the environmental changes that transformed the oceans 650 million years ago when complex algal cells started to replace bacteria as the dominant forms of life. Using a groundbreaking combination of molecular fossils and isotopes from ancient sedimentary rocks, the project aims to reveal how the flow of energy changed through Earths ecosystems. The expected outcomes include new knowledge about our own origins and the events that led to the emergence of the first animals. Additionally, new insights about the mechanisms that generated the oldest hydrocarbon reserves may lead to a new biomarker tool to aid discovery of major new oil or gas reserves in Australias Red Centre.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $415,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project in pure mathematics, more specifically in modern homological algebra, builds on work started by the chief investigator in the last five years. What has already been done has achieved striking results, solving very different problems that have been open for two decades. And there seem to be many directions in which it could be pursued further. The international mathematical community seems intrigued by what the chief investigator has achieved recently - judging by invitations to give prestigious talks and the feedback at these events. The expected outcome is major progress in our understanding of derived categories, as well as diverse applications. The benefit will be to enhance the international stature of Australian science.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $513,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to assess the success of satellite cities, conceived as possible solutions to the urgent challenge of rapid urban growth in todays megacities. Through an ethnography of an Indian satellite city, Mahindra World City, this project aims to generate knowledge on new urban formations and the consequences of experiments in urban development for different socio-economic groups. Understanding the lived experiences of residents/workers in satellite cities aims to form a robust evidence base for research driven dialogue with policy makers, planners and developers. Lessons derived are expected to inform policy and practice as to how to achieve wellbeing for urban residents, while providing indications of Asias urban futures.
Approved 06 Jan 2020
Published 10 Jan 2020 $184,342
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose Of all the climatic factors determining species distributions, temperature is arguably the most important. It is extremes - rather than averages - that drive species evolution. So it is concerning that although extreme temperature events are increasing in frequency and intensity little is known about the breadth of thermal tolerance of plants from extreme environments. This information is crucial to understand species distribution and survival under future climate regimes. This project will ascertain the thermal breadth of Australian species growing in situ and under controlled environments. The project will contribute to development of effective conservation, restoration and rehabilitation plans for Australian native plant communities.
Approved 05 Jul 2019
Published 09 Jul 2019 $729,500
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The ancient cratonic lithosphere of Southwest Australia appears to have a distinct contrast in geophysical properties and complex geologic structure, while having some of the highest levels of earthquakes on the continent. The project aims to produce novel 3-D models of this region that combine new seismic data collected over two years with previously collected geophysical datasets from the partner investigators. A compilation of 3-D models will subsequently be developed, to form an effective characterisation of the geologic structure of the craton and its margins. These models will provide enhanced assessment of seismic ground shaking from regional earthquakes and facilitate an improved understanding of mineral resource potential.
Approved 05 Jul 2019
Published 09 Jul 2019 $442,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program PUBLIC DIPLOMACY
Purpose NPFP will develop long-term understanding and insight into governance and political processes in Asia. Australian NPFP Fellows will be selected for placements in the Japanese Diet, and Japanese NPFP Fellows will be selected for placements in APH.
Approved 07 Aug 2018
Published 09 Aug 2018 $15,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Climate projections require simulations with ocean-climate models for hundreds of years. Computational resources limit the resolution of our models for such long runs, meaning that some key physical processes remain unresolved and must be parameterised. This project uses machine learning to find new parameterisations for unresolved ocean processes. These new parameterisations will be implemented into computationally cheaper coarse-resolution ocean models, thereby enhancing these models' representation of the ocean circulation. This project expects to reveal the dynamics of unresolved processes, to improve the accuracy of climate projections and to provide a proof-of-concept for how machine learning can be used in ocean and climate science.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $434,030
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the functional role of native and introduced herbivores in forest ecosystems using a powerful, highly replicated, herbivore exclosure experiment. This project expects to create new knowledge of the effects of mammalian herbivores, particularly kangaroos and invasive deer, on forest plants, soils and productivity. Expected outcomes include fundamental insights into above and belowground interactions in forests, and an enhanced capacity to predict effects of changing herbivore populations across environmental gradients, and following bushfire. This should produce significant benefits for forest management in Australia, allowing informed, targeted, and pre-emptive management of invasive herbivore populations.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $454,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Unlike traditional theories of visual perception, recent evidence suggests what a person expects can fundamentally change how they see the world. However, the neuronal mechanisms which would allow expectation to affect perception are poorly understood. This project will use revolutionary recording techniques to determine how multiple brain regions interact to use predictions about the future to change visual processing. The expected outcome is understanding a fundamental theory of brain function for the first time at the level of single neurons. This project will contribute to a new understanding of central theories of how the brain allows us to see which will significantly enhance basic vision science.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $462,948
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to fill a critical knowledge gap in how photosynthesis, chloroplast signals, metabolism and cell specialisation are coordinated for stress acclimation in plants. It aims to dissect the complex interactions between a) cellular distress signals produced by chloroplasts with b) reactive radicals and c) plant metabolism during heat stress. It expects to provide the first insights into chloroplast signalling critical for heat-tolerant C4 photosynthesis which is active in two specialised leaf cell types in cereals such as maize and sorghum. Expected outcomes include an unprecedented cell-level resolution map of chloroplast signalling, which will benefit the engineering of improved photosynthesis into crops.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $427,623
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide the first test of whether the rate of adaptative genetic evolution has changed in the recent decades, to quantify how much recent genetic evolution helps animal populations survive, and to increase the ability to study on-going genetic evolution in Australian wildlife. The project is of major significance as many species are currently threatened, or invading, due to rapid environmental changes, in particular climate change. The anticipated outcome of the project is to deliver new methods, establish a network of international and national collaborators and improve the ability to measure and to forecast how Australian animals adapt to rapidly changing environments.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $417,328
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate fundamental noise in optical coatings, a limiting factor for state-of-the-art astronomical observatories, global timing standards, and photonics applications. Gravitational wave detectors, marvels of precision engineering that have produced ground-breaking discoveries in fundamental science, are particularly afflicted by coating noise. The proposed experiment plans to operate at cryogenic temperatures with unprecedented sensitivity to conduct feasibility studies of deposition methods, coating materials, and layer structures. The goal is to deploy innovative methods to develop Australian-made optical coatings with superior performance and merit for the most demanding scientific and industrial applications.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $458,127
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the post-conflict criminal justice reform program in formerly Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in north-western Pakistan. It will develop a new interdisciplinary framework for studying how three categories of cases—terrorism, narcotics smuggling, murder and cyclical violence—are being handled by the criminal justice system. Expected outcomes include enhanced understanding of the social, legal and institutional factors impacting the prosecution of these crimes in former FATA. It will benefit Australian and international policymakers seeking to support the agenda to enhance state-building and rule of law reform in this region bordering Afghanistan.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $447,798
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to advance understanding of how halal standardisation has been reimagined in the context of global Muslim cultural diversity. It investigates the halal cultural economy—finance, food, travel, fashion, media, and cosmetics—in Malaysia and Indonesia. Using innovative interdisciplinary approaches, in particular anthropology and Islamic textual analysis, this project expects to generate a new level of understanding of halal industries. Expected outcomes include identifying major players and unpacking local cultural responses to the global move to homogenise halal practices. Australia is the world’s second-largest halal food exporter: this research should benefit its businesses’ expansion into contemporary halal industries.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $446,291
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to characterise the geometric structure of minimal surfaces in the variational theory and classify singularities of mean curvature flow. Minimal surfaces are mathematical models of soap films, and their time-varying analogue is mean curvature flow, a dynamic process by which a surface flows to decrease its area as quickly as possible. As a central topic in geometric analysis, the theory of minimal surfaces and mean curvature flow has proven to be a powerful and essential tool in mathematics. The project expects to generate new and significant results in minimal surfaces and singularity analysis of mean curvature flow and enhance potential applications in related disciplines such as computer vision and probability.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $340,548
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Magnetic resonance techniques (such as MRI scans) suffer from an inherent insensitivity problem. In medical imaging, this can hamper diagnosis and mean long scan times for patients. This project aims to chemically develop catalysts which dramatically increase sensitivity, producing a signal that is thousands of times more visible. This project is significant as these catalysts can turn common, harmless molecules in the body - even water - into visible tracers. The expected outcomes of this project include the synthesis and understanding of these catalysts which will be chemically fine-tuned to maximise their effectiveness. Potential benefits include translation to MRI applications to improve diagnosis and treatment, or chemical monitoring.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $423,808
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate trends, determinants, and inequalities in healthy longevity in Australia. By identifying inequalities in later-life health and the drivers of healthy longevity, this project addresses a pressing issue facing Australia and other ageing populations. The project is expected to generate the first systematic evidence-base on healthy longevity in Australia, and seeks to explore how trends in later-life health in Australia fit within our global region. Intended outcomes of this project include improved health interventions and more targeted, effective, and equitable health system planning. The anticipated benefit is to improve healthy longevity among older Australians and reduce health inequalities.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $425,394
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to produce the first detailed investigation of the acquisition of Indigenous human remains from Australia, New Zealand and the broader Pacific by the Russian Empire during the long 19th century. It expects to generate new knowledge about Imperial Russia's scientific networks, anthropological collections and underlying intellectual traditions. Expected outcomes include a better understanding of Russian perceptions of Indigenous peoples and the development of a new way of writing histories about the collecting of Indigenous human remains. Working directly with affected communities, this project should provide significant benefits to Indigenous peoples seeking the return of their ancestors' remains from overseas institutions.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $428,865
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to establish a socio-legal account of the arrival of Cambodian ‘boat people’ in Australia from 1989 to the present. The project expects to shed new light on these events by using an innovative blend of research methods. Interweaving archival and oral history sources, it seeks both to describe institutional responses to these events and show how participants experienced and remember them. Expected outcomes include enhanced knowledge of the effects of asylum-related policy and the generation of international and domestic policy guidance for ensuring that such policy is historically-informed. Significant societal benefits will flow by generating new historical knowledge and understanding, and better-informed policy.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $394,700
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate the strategies that Pacific women use to challenge gender inequality, and improve understanding of the pathways to justice in Pacific legal systems. Using an innovative socio-legal approach, the project will collect, analyse and disseminate data on the strategies used by women to advocate for stronger property rights, and develop a framework for understanding those strategies. Expected outcomes include an improved empirical and conceptual basis for development organisations to design and implement gender equality programs. This should provide significant benefits including enhanced understanding of women’s engagement with legal systems, and better-informed and more effective development assistance.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $443,774
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to demonstrate how Indigenous peoples can contribute to our understanding of and production of indicators to monitor sustainable development. Working with Indigenous communities in Australia and Indonesia as equal partners, the project hopes to address a significant gap in developing innovative methodologies which weaves Indigenous and Western knowledge to produce policy-relevant research. Expected outcomes of this project include a set of sustainable development indicators that embed Indigenous worldviews and in a manner that policymakers can utilise. This should provide significant benefits to Indigenous communities in Australia and internationally through enhanced capacity in Indigenous policy design and evaluation.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $455,515
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide a detailed understanding on the remarkably complex encounters between archaic and modern human populations in Island Southeast Asia, New Guinea and Australia during the Pleistocene. The project plans to provide the largest collection of human genetic diversity from this vast geographical region and significantly advance current knowledge on one of the most intriguing questions in human evolution. These insights are expected to bring important social and cultural benefits for Australia by unveiling the singularly deep genetic history of Aboriginal Australians, including their ancient connection to indigenous communities from Indonesia and New Guinea that extends back to when people first arrived in Australia.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $424,500
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to develop approaches to control propagation of light in nonreciprocal ways, similar to ways we control directions of electric currents with semiconductor diodes and transistors. Nonreciprocal behaviour of light is difficult to achieve, and it is currently limited to relatively large optical systems, which represents a road block for further miniaturisation and integration of optical devices. Expected outcomes of this project include first demonstrations of a radical miniaturisation of nonreciprocal optical components to the nanoscale. The outcomes should enrich our fundamental knowledge and assist the advancement of vital technologies such as integrated optical circuitry and communication infrastructure.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $436,775
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to engineer disease resistance in crops to dangerous fungal pathogens. The strategy is to exploit our knowledge of the plant immune system using structural biology and directed evolution of natural resistance genes, improving their ability to recognise and respond to fungal attack. Fungal pathogens cause some of the most harmful crop diseases in Australia and worldwide. The rapid evolution of fungi overcomes natural plant resistance and management of these diseases is a major challenge to agriculture. Expected outcomes of the project include engineered wheat plants with more effective disease resistance, reducing fungicide usage. This project intends to accelerate crop breeding and contribute to world food security.
Approved 01 Dec 2020
Published 08 Dec 2020 $431,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The ARC Training Centre for Multiscale 3D Imaging, Modelling and Manufacturing aims to connect the detailed microscopic characteristics of materials with their macroscopic properties and design characteristics of natural and manufactured structures. It will train a new generation of researchers and practitioners in the emerging discipline of Digital Materials. The approach allows optimisation at all scales, enabling cost reductions and performance enhancements in key industries, including Oil, Gas and Energy Resources, Medical Technologies, and Advanced Manufacturing. The Centre expects to reduce the time needed in the prototyping cycle and product development, increasing industrys capacity for accelerated innovation. The developments will build world-class Australian capabilities for developing high-value scaleable production of bespoke products and optimised process design.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $3,981,223
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to address fundamental questions at the interface of two central areas of modern mathematics, geometric group theory and higher representation theory. Higher representation theory is a relatively new field, but its tools have already had a tremendous impact on mathematics. The project is expected to use these tools to address outstanding questions in geometric group theory. The expected outcomes of this project include resolutions of open problems in the theory of Artin groups and the creation of a new subject, the dynamical theory of two-linear groups.
Approved 13 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $963,125
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to create a new tool for imaging and analysing material at the atomic level. The tool is based on individual quantum coherent spins in diamond which can be manipulated and optically read. The project expects to generate knowledge in quantum metrology and an understanding of molecular dynamics at the nanoscale. The expected outcome is a new type of device capable of imaging complex physical systems at the level of their individual constituent components. This has significant benefits in improving designer materials, energy production, information storage, and drug design.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $734,306
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to tackle wheat stripe rust, one of the most important fungal diseases of wheat in Australia, causing losses of up to $125 million a year. This project expects to gain insights into the fungal evolution and the molecular mechanism that causes hyper-virulent pathogen isolates. The expected outcome is to identify and characterise multiple genetic factors in the pathogen that contribute to wheat stripe rust epidemics in Australia. This project will contribute to improved disease management strategies to contain wheat stripe rust, resulting in higher wheat yields, reduced application of fungicides and increased revenue for Australian wheat farmers.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $765,720
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop a new type of solar cell that is much more efficient than todays commercial silicon solar cells. Increasing cell efficiency is one of the most effective ways to reduce the cost of solar electricity, but silicon cells are approaching practical and theoretical limits. This project expects to boost the efficiency of silicon solar cells by adding a low-cost solar cell on top to create a tandem device. The expected outcome is a solar cell that can convert more than 30 per cent of incident sunlight into electricity, compared to 20-25 per cent for current cells. Developing cheap, high efficiency solar cells should further reduce the cost of solar electricity, and accelerate the uptake of clean energy.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $880,125
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand how the elements forged in stars flow through space and find their way into new stars and planets, using a combination of high-resolution numerical simulations and novel methods in machine learning. The history of these elements, and how they came to be in planets like ours, is one of the most basic questions remaining in astrophysics. The expected outcome is to provide a model for the history of the elements that can both stand on its own and provide a theoretical basis and a set of statistical tools to interpret the flood of data that will arrive from Australian and international telescopes over the next five years. The project will provide deeper insight into the history of the chemical elements that make up stars and our planet. It will also leverage Australias significant investment in observational excellence and hardware and enhance Australias leadership in astronomy.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $978,125
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to increase our understanding of how plant cells regulate solute transport. Crop growth depends on water uptake and transport, and the rapid movement of water across plant cell membranes requires transporters such as aquaporins. Preliminary data indicates that a series of signals can switch aquaporins between functioning as highly selective water channels and salt transport channels. The project aims to reveal the molecular pathways that regulate water and salt co-transport, using genetics, molecular biology, and electrophysiology data to decipher how plants regulate and coordinate aquaporin solute transport during growth and in osmotic adjustment. The project has the potential to lead to improvements in crop-plant solute transport traits, enhanced agricultural productivity, and yield stability in saline and water limited environments.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $728,125
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to solve one of the fundamental problems in astrophysics, how the first stars in the Universe were formed after the Big Bang. Using high-resolution simulations, including magnetic fields and jet/outflow feedback, the mass function of the first stars can be determined. The project will transform our understanding of how the first heavy elements were created in the Universe, providing crucial input for Australian-lead international and national observational surveys, and semi-analytic models of galaxy, star and planet formation, all directly following the formation of the first stars. This project will contribute to three of the six big questions defined in the Decadal Plan for Australian Astronomy 2016-2025, expand knowledge in the physical sciences and drive the next generation of large facilities and Australian frontier technologies.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $788,125
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate how firms interact with each other through time and how these interactions drive both the operation of, and value created in, economic markets. While recent theoretical models predominantly capture the complexity of these dynamic interactions, the methods for testing these models predictions against observed data do not. Instead, they are based on a range of simplifying assumptions that undermine the reliability of their analysis. This project will develop statistical and computational methods to better understand observed economic behaviour. By allowing the effects of proposed economic interventions and regulations ex ante, this project will support the development of more efficient and better-targeted policies in every area of the economy.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $857,585
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to provide a literary history of womens textual practice in the English Renaissance. This project will examine the scope, content and purpose of early modern womens writing to make new discoveries about reading, writing and book use in the period when book production and distribution was first appearing on a larger scale. It uses digital technologies to create open-access digital forms of this writing to extend access to it, and also to further Australias position in both cutting edge digital scholarship and scholarship on the early modern period.
Approved 02 Aug 2018
Published 08 Aug 2018 $1,054,816
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to determine the effects of changing environments on wild animal populations across Australia. By combining recent advances in genomic technology with a consortium of fourteen long-term studies of mammals, birds and reptiles, it aims to quantify the genetic basis of life-history variation and the potential for evolutionary adaptation in the wild. The project will generate a comprehensive understanding of the genetic consequences of environmental change, population decline, inbreeding and disease in natural environments. The expected benefits include a coordinated network for long-term wild animal studies in Australia, advanced quantitative skills training, and knowledge transfer for wildlife management and conservation.
Approved 03 Aug 2020
Published 07 Aug 2020 $3,328,974
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program PRIME MINISTER AND CABINET
Purpose The grant is a contribution towards the establishment of an Australian Social and Behavioural Sciences Registry. Specifically, the registry will be housed within the architecture of the Australian Data Archive and will be open to all researchers in social and behavioural sciences.
Approved 25 May 2018
Published 06 Jul 2018 $25,000
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project will combine archival research on the foundational years of Australian photography, 1839-54, with new methods of multimedia database design to network early photographs: daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and calotypes, with dispersed manuscripts, journalism and legal proceedings that document their creation. These images are prized by Australian collecting institutions but their significance to our cultural heritage remains unrecognised. This project will analyse how colonial Australian photographers’ distance from Europe prompted them to innovate with processes, materials and apparatuses. It will excavate this neglected dimension of colonial modernity, assessing its resonance for media heritage, culture, and law.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $343,526
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to resolve a major 25-year-old open problem relating the quantum topology of knots, 3- and 4-dimensional spaces to higher representation theory, the study of hidden symmetries of algebraic structures. The project expects to use homological invariants of knots and the higher representation theory of quantum groups to construct highly anticipated invariants of 3- and 4-dimensional manifolds and tools to compute these invariants by reduction to basic building blocks. Expected outcomes also include new connections to diverse areas in mathematics. This is expected to benefit Australian science by invigorating collaboration in mathematics and theoretical physics and by attracting students and distinguished research visitors.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $0
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Statistical shape analysis is the quantitative study of variation in geometric shape. An innovative approach applies concepts from algebraic topology in the form of the persistent homology transform. This project aims to prove mathematical theory relating to the persistent homology transform, to develop new statistical theory and methodology, and to apply this theory to a range of applications including the analysis of bird beaks, human skulls and boundary contours of stem cells. An anticipated goal is the generation of new and significant theoretical results in topological data analysis. Expected outcomes include a topologically motivated platform for shape analysis that is statistically rigorous and has firm mathematical foundations.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $403,019
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to generate the knowledge and techniques required to increase carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake in hydrate based carbon capture from current levels of 15.4% to up to 90% of its rated capacity. This marked improvement stems from identification of the mechanism of CO2-water mass transfer in CO2 hydrate formation and engineering of structurally modified porous hydrogels as the substrate of CO2 hydrates. Encapsulation will be developed in a way that CO2 may be transported by CO2 hydrates in a concentrated form. Successful completion of the project will offer technical evaluation of a novel CO2 capture and transport solution with lower operational energy consumption and capital cost than incumbent carbon capture technologies.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $425,231
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to build high-fidelity synthetic data, to understand how a machine vision system reacts to environmental factors and consequently improve the ability of the system to generalise in the real world. This project expects to generate new knowledge in the area of computer vision using innovative techniques of data synthesis, analysis, and domain adaptation. The expected outcomes include new scientific discoveries and domain adaptation algorithms derived from synthetic data for real-world applications. The benefits are expected to be widespread across sectors such as transportation, security, and manufacturing, including safer robotic navigation, defect detection, and smart video surveillance to improve community safety.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $400,998
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to study how political parties represent women and men differently and the consequences this has on citizen political behaviour. By engaging in comparative analyses of gender, political parties and representation among established democracies, this project expects to generate new understandings about the complex relationships between what citizens want, what parties do, and how citizens feel about politics. This project seeks to identify specific contexts, actions, and policies that allow political parties to equally represent men and women in the political process to better understand how to eliminate gender inequalities in the representation process.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $411,167
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This theoretical physics project aims to enable high-precision atom interferometry in space. Atom interferometers could allow measurements of unparalleled precision in the low-gravity, low-noise environment of space, however, size, weight, and power constraints must also influence the design of any space-based device. This project expects to develop implementable strategies for the optimal design and performance of space-based atom interferometers. This could deliver new space-based sensing capabilities, advancing our capacity to monitor the Earths fresh water supply, geology, oceans, and ice caps, as well as precipitating much-needed measurements that probe potential quantum gravitational effects.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $419,366
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This proposal aims to deliver efficient chemical hydrogen storage by designing new catalysts to facilitate the storage and release of hydrogen fuel. Hydrogen is an important zero-emission fuel for the low carbon energy future. However, to realise the potential of the hydrogen economy, efficient, cost-effective solutions are required for storage and transportation. This project seeks to provide technological and intellectual advances in chemical hydrogen storage methods. These outcomes are expected to provide environmental and economic benefits for Australias developing hydrogen economy, both in the energy export market and locally in utilisation of hydrogen as a sustainable fuel.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $425,398
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The project aims to develop novel approaches for the statistical analysis of large, complex multivariate longitudinal data, and apply them to two datasets to address scientific questions related to the drivers and consequences of poor physical and mental health in Australia, and the spatio-temporal evolution of species assemblages in the Southern Ocean. The project expects to develop new knowledge in the areas of statistical model building, model selection, and inference for multivariate longitudinal data. This will lead to a suite of modern methods and insights for computationally efficient, mathematically rigorous statistical data analysis that, when applied, should provide significant benefits to public health and ecology.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $365,039
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Self-assembly is the ready formation of complex structures from simple components. Nature uses this to generate its most impressive molecular machinery to carry out complex tasks. Metallosupramolecular chemists combine simple components (metal ions and organic ligands) to create synthetic variants to fulfil similar roles. Current methods have limitations, and this project aims to create a new structural type: large and controllably variable metallo-foldamers (structures consisting of metal ions and ligands that coil like DNA). As well as benefiting fundamental knowledge, these molecules will be functional. They are expected to improve performance with enhanced outcomes in photophysical, photochemical, catalytic, and sensing applications.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $427,116
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project will investigate the origins of animal husbandry and its link to the creation of wealth, the development of socio-political prestige systems, the rise of inequality, and the coevolutionary effects of the domestication process on pigs. It focuses on 15 stratified Neolithic archaeological sites in the tropical island region of Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific dating between 4000-500 years ago. An expected outcome will be the establishment of an integrated evolutionary theoretical model that could be applied to analyzing agricultural transitions globally. Such a model predicts socio-political and rational economic strategies in pig management systems and can be tested using zooarchaeological analyses.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $409,297
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Long-term planning is vital to secure Australias water resources in the face of environmental disruption. This project aims to contribute to sustainable and equitable water management by examining the efficacy of anticipatory decision-making approaches. Qualitative research will be used to examine how scientific knowledge is used or contested in water reform within the Murray-Darling Basin. Intended outcomes include improved capacities to plan for future change and establishing anticipatory decision-making within Australian natural resource management. This should provide significant benefits based on an integrated approach to science and decision-making that addresses trade-offs between stakeholders to identify shared action pathways.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $408,490
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Global change is driving thousands of species towards extinction. Legislation requires the protection of biodiversity, but current scientific understanding of species declines limits effective action. By taking a new approach to studying species declines, this integrative research aims to identify why some species persist, while others decline. This project is expected to improve understanding of species vulnerability to extinction, and the conditions which allow species to coexist with threats. Anticipated benefits include advancing ecological theory, improving conservation planning, and increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of policy and management to prevent species extinctions.
Approved 19 Dec 2019
Published 06 Jan 2020 $423,534
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program PUBLIC DIPLOMACY
Purpose A one-day public event that brings together key representatives from the academic and policy-making communities to discuss current social, political, economic, and security issues related to Korea.
Approved 29 Jul 2019
Published 06 Aug 2019 $16,500
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC LINKAGE PROJECT
Purpose The ARC Centre of Excellence for Transformative Meta-Optical Systems will develop the next-generation of miniaturised optical systems with functionalities beyond what is conceivable today. By harnessing the disruptive concept of meta-optics, the Centre will overcome complex challenges in light generation, manipulation and detection at the nanoscale. The Centre brings together a trans-disciplinary team of world-leaders in science, technology and engineering to deliver scientific innovations in optical systems for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The research outcomes will underpin future technologies, including real-time holographic displays, artificial vision for autonomous systems to see the invisible, and ultra-fast light-based WiFi.
Approved 29 Nov 2019
Published 05 Dec 2019 $34,935,113
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to investigate a new approach to improving the mental well-being of university students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds. University students have a high risk of experiencing mental health problems, and students from low SES backgrounds have a particularly high risk. This project aims to investigate university-relevant Facebook groups as a method of improving the mental well-being of low SES students by improving their online social integration at university. Expected outcomes and benefits include a scalable, low-cost approach to reducing an SES inequality that costs Australia billions of dollars each year.
Approved 04 Dec 2019
Published 05 Dec 2019 $488,698
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to develop nanocomposite electrodes and membranes for efficient production of renewable hydrogen and the next generation of high-energy-density battery technologies. This will be accomplished by the engineering of multi-scale porous materials with tuneable electrical, chemical and morphological properties using earth abundant elements. The intended outcome is the establishment of a scalable methodology for the structuring and effective integration of microporous materials in highly conductive scaffolds, achieving superior charge and molecular transport, as well as high surface activity. Broad social and economic benefits are anticipated providing new technological solutions for renewable energy storage and fuel production.
Approved 26 Aug 2020
Published 01 Sep 2020 $1,057,328
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose The aim of this project is to develop declarative machine learning techniques that exploit inherent structure and models of the world. Deep learning has become the dominant approach for machine learning with many products and promises built on this technology. But deep learning is expensive, opaque, brittle and relies solely on human labelled data. This project intends to make deep learning more reliable by establishing theory and algorithms that allow physical and mathematical models to be embedded within a deep learning framework, providing performance guarantees and interpretability. This would likely benefit machine learning based products that can understand the world and interact with humans naturally through vision and language.
Approved 26 Aug 2020
Published 01 Sep 2020 $1,048,712
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project in mathematics aims to study two recent, promising developments in harmonic analysis, namely Fourier decoupling and Bourgain-Brezis inequalities. The former captures how waves interfere upon superposition; the latter arose initially in the study of the Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductors. This exciting project seeks to deliver deep insights into how different frequencies interact, and aims to develop powerful new tools to advance the study of partial differential equations and analytic number theory. This Future Fellowship should benefit Australia by improving our scientific capability. It will bring world-class researchers to Australia for collaboration, and put Australia at the forefront of first rate research.
Approved 26 Aug 2020
Published 01 Sep 2020 $887,202
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose Water resources in Australia and worldwide are under severe stress, for example from drought and water demand. This project aims to investigate how water and other natural resources can be managed to build resilience to such stresses. The project expects to develop advances in resilience theory that generate new model-based tools for resilient decision-making. These advances will be tested in a model of water resource management in north-central Victoria. Expected outcomes of the project include increased decision-maker capability to respond to threats to water and other natural resources. Such outcomes will help ensure the sustainability of increasingly highly stressed natural resources in Australia and worldwide.
Approved 26 Aug 2020
Published 01 Sep 2020 $804,148
CANBERRA SAFE



THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Program ARC DISCOVERY
Purpose This project aims to understand how the animal body grows. This project expects to generate new knowledge and understanding of the genetic programs that govern the size and shape of animal tissues, through use of cutting-edge genome editing approaches in laboratory animals. Expected outcomes of this project include the production of genetically engineered animals with altered tissue growth, development of new theories for how tissue growth is normally controlled and how it can be manipulated industrially. This should provide significant benefits, impacting stem cell biology (improving stem cell production), tissue engineering (improving growth of artificial tissues), veterinary science and agriculture (improving productivity).
Approved 26 Aug 2020
Published 01 Sep 2020 $1,017,328
CANBERRA SAFE